Maurice Besnier, born in Paris, 1873 died in Caen, 4 March 1933, was a French historian, who specialised in ancient geography and topography.
Former member of the École française de Rome, he became the 34th professor of ancient history, epigraphy and archeology of the Faculté des Lettres de Caen. He was named as chair of ancient geography at the École pratique des hautes études in 1920, and in 1924 became a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. He contributed to the Pauly-Wissowa and to the Dictionnaire des Antiquités.
- Lexique de géographie ancienne, Paris, 1914
- L'Empire romain de l'avènement des Severes au concile de Nicee, Paris, 1937