Megan Lloyd George
Lady Megan Lloyd George
|Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party|
|Preceded by||Percy Harris (1945)|
|Succeeded by||Donald Wade (1962)|
|Member of Parliament |
1 March 1957 – 14 May 1966
|Preceded by||Rhys Hopkin Morris|
|Succeeded by||Gwynfor Evans|
|Member of Parliament |
30 May 1929 – 5 October 1951
|Preceded by||Robert Thomas|
|Succeeded by||Cledwyn Hughes|
Megan Arvon George
22 April 1902
Criccieth, Caernarfonshire (present-day Gwynedd), Wales
|Died||14 May 1966 (aged 64)|
Lady Megan Arvon Lloyd George, CH (22 April 1902 – 14 May 1966) was a Welsh politician and the first female Member of Parliament (MP) for a Welsh constituency. She also served as Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party, before later becoming a Labour MP. In 2016, she was named as one of "the 50 greatest Welsh men and women of all time".
She was the youngest child of David Lloyd George and his wife, Margaret, being born in 1902 in Criccieth, Caernarfonshire. Her name at birth was registered with forenames Megan Arvon and surname George, but she adopted her father's barrelled surname "Lloyd George". As her father was raised to the peerage as Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor in 1945, she gained the style of Lady Megan (Lloyd George).
Lloyd George was imaginative and "sprite-like" when young, and was described in the local press as a "daring sceptic", disliking her father's stories of Daniel in the lions' den. Around the age of five, she would travel with her father to their house in Brighton, and delight his guests by bringing them an early morning cup of tea while they were still in bed.
She began public engagements at an early age, and on 16 November 1910, at the age of eight, performed the opening ceremony of the extension of the Claremont Central Mission in Pentonville.
Like her brother, Gwilym, she followed her father into politics. She became the first female MP in Wales when she won Anglesey for the Liberals in 1929.
Along with her father, she refused to support Ramsay MacDonald's National Government in 1931 and successfully held Anglesey as an opposition Liberal at the 1931 General Election. She held the seat again as a Liberal from 1935 to 1951. During World War II, she was a member of Radical Action, which called for a more radical political stance and for the party to withdraw from the war-time electoral truce.
Throughout the 1940s and 1950s she campaigned for a Welsh Parliament and the creation of a Secretary of State for Wales. Prominent among the radicals in the Liberal Party, she opposed what she saw as the party's drift away from her father's brand of liberalism. During the late 1940s, Lady Megan (as she was universally known) remained on friendly terms with Clement Attlee and there were rumours that she would join the Labour Party. In 1949, Lady Megan was elected Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party in a bid to create unity, but after losing her seat she stood down in 1952. Disillusioned with the Liberals, she indicated in November that year that she would not stand again in Anglesey.
In 1955, Lady Megan defected to the Labour Party. In 1957, she stood against the Liberals as the Labour Party candidate at a by-election in Carmarthen and won the seat, which she held until her death from breast cancer at Pwllheli in 1966, aged 64.
She was Philip Noel-Baker's romantic partner from 1936 until Irene Noel-Baker's death in 1956.
Awards and legacy
She was posthumously appointed as a Companion of Honour in the Dissolution Honours List published five days after her death.
In 2016 she was included in a list of "the 50 greatest Welsh men and women of all time".
In 2019 a Purple Plaque to commemorate her was installed on the building that had been her family home in Cricieth.
- ^ a b "The 50 Greatest Welsh Men and Women of All Time". Wales Online. 6 June 2016.
- ^ Mosley, Charles (ed.), Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 107th edn, London, Burke's Peerage & Gentry Ltd, page 2375 (LLOYD-GEORGE OF DWYFOR, E), 2003, ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- ^ "Megan Lloyd George – A "Daring Sceptic" at five years of age!". Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald and North and South Wales Independent. 7 October 1910. Retrieved 24 August 2016 – via Welsh Newspapers Online.
- ^ a b "Lloyd George and Megan – Welsh Household in Downing-Street". Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald and North and South Wales Independent. 7 May 1909. Retrieved 24 August 2016 – via Welsh Newspapers Online.
- ^ "Miss Megan Lloyd George". Evening Express. 25 August 1910. Retrieved 24 August 2016 – via Welsh Newspapers Online.
- ^ Jones 1993, p. 329-30.
- ^ Jones 1993, p. 338.
- ^ Howell, David (2004). "Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31505. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- ^ "No. 43981". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 May 1966. p. 5786.
- ^ "Purple plaque stories". Purple plaques. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
- Jones, J. Graham (June 1993). "The Liberal Party and Wales, 1945–79" (PDF). Welsh History Review. 16 (3): 326–55.
- Jones, J. Graham, entry in Dictionary of Liberal Biography Brack et al. (eds.) Politico's Publishing, 1998
- Jones, J. Graham, 'A breach in the family: the defection from the Liberal Party of Megan and Gwilym Lloyd George'
- Jones, Mervyn. A Radical Life: The Biography of Megan Lloyd George, 1902–66. London: Hutchinson, 1991. ISBN 0-09-174829-1
- Price, Emyr Megan Lloyd George; Gwynedd Archives Service, 1983
- 1902 births
- 1966 deaths
- Children of prime ministers of the United Kingdom
- Deaths from breast cancer
- People from Criccieth
- Liberal Party (UK) MPs for Welsh constituencies
- Welsh Labour Party MPs
- Female members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Welsh constituencies
- Members of the Order of the Companions of Honour
- Daughters of British earls
- UK MPs 1929–1931
- UK MPs 1931–1935
- UK MPs 1935–1945
- UK MPs 1945–1950
- UK MPs 1950–1951
- UK MPs 1955–1959
- UK MPs 1959–1964
- UK MPs 1964–1966
- UK MPs 1966–1970
- Deaths from cancer in Wales
- Lloyd George family
- 20th-century British women politicians
- Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Carmarthenshire constituencies