Melvyl is the name of the online catalog of the University of California's library system. The Melvyl union catalog is produced by the California Digital Library — a unit within the department of Academic Planning, Programs, and Coordination at the UC Office of the President in downtown Oakland, California. Melvyl is named after Melvil Dewey, the library pioneer who invented the Dewey Decimal System. Melvyl is now supported by the OCLC's WorldCat Local platform.
The Melvyl database contains over 30 million records from the:
- ten UC campuses,
- two UC Library storage facilities, the Southern Regional Library Facility (SRLF) and the Northern Regional Library Facility (NRLF),
- and the Center for Research Libraries.
Melvyl is a registered trademark owned by the Regents of the University of California.
Melvyl began as a library automation system in 1977. Merging MARC records from the UC campuses into a union catalog was first done in a microfiche format. Online access began in 1980 as a prototype for library staff. In 1981, library patrons were able to access an online electronic catalog of UC library books using a computer terminal.  Since no network existed to connect the libraries of the nine campuses to the central site hosting the union catalog, options for a networking solution were analyzed, with X.25 and TCP/IP being considered. By 1984, a TCP/IP network linking the campuses using satellite technology was operational. At the time, Melvyl ran on a mainframe computer, and the UC Division of Library Automation performed development work to implement TCP/IP in order to provide telnet access. A world wide web version was also later developed.
- Salmon, Stephen R. "First-Hand:The Birth of MELVYL". Narrative. Engineering and Technology History Wiki: ethw.org. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
- Shaughnessy, David L; Lynch, Clifford A (1983). "Telecommunications for an online catalog". Information Technology and Libraries. 2 (1): 73–86.
- "Earth Stations on the Job". DLA Bulletin. 4 (2): 1. October 1984.
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