|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
In Greek mythology, Menoeceus (/, /; Greek: Μενοικεύς Menoikeús) was the father of Creon, Jocasta and Hipponome and both grandfather and father-in-law of Oedipus. This Menoeceus was the Theban grandson of Pentheus and a descendant of the Spartoi. Another Menoeceus was the son of Creon, named after his grandfather. According to Hyginus and Statius, during the reign of Eteocles when the Seven Against Thebes laid siege to the city, Creon's son committed suicide by throwing himself from the walls after Tiresias foretold that if anyone of the Spartoi should perish, Thebes would be freed from disaster. The Thebans were ultimately victorious. The battle is memorialized in Seven Against Thebes, the play by Aeschylus. Some records say that that Menoeceus was the grandfather of Creon and Jocasta and his son (Creon and Jocasta's father) was named Oscalus.
The Greek writer Pausanias visited the site of Menoeceus tomb in the 2nd century CE and recorded that Menoeceus "..committed suicide in obedience to the oracle from Delphi, at the time when Polyneices and the host with him arrived from Argos. On the tomb of Menoeceus grows a pomegranate-tree. If you break through the outer part of the ripe fruit, you will then find the inside like blood. This pomegranate-tree is still flourishing."