Merz (art style)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Merz (Art style))
Jump to navigation Jump to search
MERZ artist Kurt Schwitters

Merz (art style) is a synonym for the more common expression and term Dada,[1] and traces back to Kurt Schwitters.[2]


The made-up word Merz, however, traces back to Kurt Schwitters, who planned a Dada section in Hanover. But not being invited to the First International Dada Fair in Berlin in 1920, Schwitters was on the look-out for a totally unique hat fitting only a single head"— his own.[3][4]

The very moment[edit]

He found Merz by chance when creating a collage with the German word Kommerz (commerce). The result: a nonsensical‚ dadaistic’ word. Merz became Schwitters 's very synonym for his own way of Dada.[5]

The very reception[edit]

Kurt Schwitters, father of installation art and a pioneer in fusing collage and abstraction—those two most transformative innovations of the 20th century art— influenced Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, the Fluxus movement and Joseph Beuys, too.[6]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • See, for example, about Merz Picture 32 A, 1921 [1]
  • See about his last of all works, the Merzbarn Wall [2]


  1. ^ Cf. Richard Huelsenbeck (Ed.): Dada Almanach. New York, Something Else Press, 1966 (reprint of the 1920-edition).
  2. ^ Cf. Ernst Nündel: Kurt Schwitters in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten, Rowohlts Monograph 296, Reinbek bei Hamburg 1981. ISBN 3499502968
  3. ^ Ernst Nündel: Kurt Schwitters in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten, Rowohlts Monographien 296, Reinbek bei Hamburg 1981, p. 19 f. ISBN 3499502968
  4. ^ (Original German quote translated by Arguseyed2200).
  5. ^ Cf. Kurt Schwitters, 1887-1948: Urwerk, Edited by Robert Galitz/Kurt Kreiler/Klaus Gabbert. Frankfurt am Main/Berlin 1986. ISBN 3-549-06667-8. New Edition: Zweitausendeins, Frankfurt am Main, 2007. ISBN 9783861506744
  6. ^ Cf. Kurt Schwitters — Space, Image, Exile by Megan R. Luke. 352 p., 22 color plates, 98 halftones. University of Chicago, 2014.

Template:Modern art