Metamorphopsia is a type of distorted vision in which a grid of straight lines appears wavy and parts of the grid may appear blank. People can first notice they suffer with the condition when looking at mini-blinds in their home.
It is mainly associated with macular degeneration, particularly age-related macular degeneration with choroidal neovascularization. Other conditions that can present with complaints of metamorphopsia include pathological myopia, presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome, choroidal rupture and multifocal choroiditis.
Dry (nonexudative, > 80%)—deposition of yellowish extracellular material in and between bruch membrane and retinal pigment epithelium (“drusen”) with gradual loss in vision.
Wet (exudative, 10–15%)—rapid loss of vision due to bleeding secondary to choroidal neovascularization.
Gk, meta + morphe, form, opsis, sight
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