Metropolitan main line (CTA)
The four tracks of the Metropolitan Main in 1895
|Locale||Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|Termini||Wells Street Terminal and Franklin/Van Buren
|Opened||May 6, 1895|
|Closed||June 22, 1958|
|Operator(s)||Chicago Transit Authority (1947-1958)
Chicago Rapid Transit Company (1924-1947)
Metropolitan West Side Elevated Railroad (1895-1924)
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Electrification||Third rail, 600 V DC|
The Metropolitan main line is a defunct rapid transit line which was part of the Chicago 'L' system. The line ran west from two downtown termini, the Wells Street Terminal and the Loop via Franklin/Van Buren, to the Marshfield Junction. At this point the Garfield Park branch continued westward, while the Douglas Park branch turned south, and the Northwest branch turned north feeding the Humboldt Park branch and Logan Square branch. The Metropolitan main line served eight stations aside from those in the Loop. The line opened on May 6, 1895, and closed on June 22, 1958, upon the opening of the Congress branch.
The Metropolitan main line opened on May 6, 1895; trains initially ran from Canal to Marshfield, where they continued onto the Northwest branch and eventually the other branches. The Franklin Street Terminal opened on May 13, extending the line eastward. This terminal was closed in 1897, and the line was routed to the Loop via Van Buren Street. The Wells Street Terminal opened on October 3, 1904, and Metropolitan main line trains terminated at both this terminal and the Loop. In 1951, the Milwaukee/Dearborn Subway opened, and Northwest branch trains were rerouted to the subway; at the same time, the Humboldt Park branch became a shuttle service, leaving only the Garfield Park and Douglas Park branches operating on the main line. Wells Street Terminal and Laflin closed in 1951, and Racine and Marshfield both closed in 1954. Franklin/Van Buren station closed in 1955; trains on the line entered the Loop from the Wells Street track after this point. The Metropolitan main line closed on June 22, 1958 upon the opening of the Congress branch, which also replaced the Garfield Park branch.
|Wells Street Terminal||314 S. Wells Street||October 3, 1904||February 25, 1951|
|Franklin Terminal||Franklin Street between Jackson Boulevard and Van Buren Street||May 13, 1895||1897|
|Franklin/Van Buren||Franklin Street and Van Buren Street||October 11, 1897||October 11, 1955|
|Canal||Canal Street between Jackson and Van Buren Streets||May 6, 1895||June 22, 1958|
|Halsted||Halsted Street and Van Buren Street||May 6, 1895||1958|
|Racine||416-18 S. Racine Avenue||May 6, 1895||April 5, 1954|
|Laflin||418 S. Laflin Street||May 6, 1895||December 9, 1951|
|Marshfield||418 S. Marshfield Avenue||May 6, 1895||1954|
- "New "L" Road Opens". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 7, 1895. p. 12.
- "Calls on the Banks". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 10, 1895. p. 4.
- Graham Garfield. "Metropolitan Main Line and Garfield Park branch". Chicago-'L'.org. Retrieved August 10, 2010.