Michael Joseph Owens
|Michael Joseph Owens|
January 1, 1859|
Mason County, West Virginia, US
|Died||December 27, 1923
Toledo, Ohio, US
|Projects||automated production of glass bottles|
|Awards||Elliott Cresson Medal (1915)|
Michael Joseph Owens (January 1, 1859 – December 27, 1923) was an inventor of machines that could automate the production of glass bottles.
In 1888 he moved to Toledo, Ohio and worked for the Toledo Glass Factory owned by Edward Drummond Libbey. He was later promoted to foreman and then to supervisor. He formed the Owens Bottle Machine Company in 1903. His machines could produce glass bottles at a rate of 240 per minute, and reduce labor costs by 80%.
Owens and Libbey entered into a partnership and the company was renamed the Owens Bottle Company in 1919. In 1929 the company merged with the Illinois Glass Company to become the Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
He died on December 27, 1923.
- U.S. Patent 534,840
- U.S. Patent 548,587
- U.S. Patent 548,588
- U.S. Patent 766,768 Glass Shaping Machine
- U.S. Patent 774,690 Glass Shaping Machine
- "Michael Joseph Owens". The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Retrieved 2013-08-06.
- "Hall of Fame -- Inventor Profile: Michael Joseph Owens". National Inventors Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- "Michael Joseph Owens". Today in Science. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
Michael Owens was a glass manufacturer who invented an automatic glass bottle manufacturing machine that revolutionized the industry. His mechanization of the glass-blowing process eliminated child labor from glass-bottle factories, which he had himself experienced from the age of ten. [...]
- "The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Designates the Owens "AR" Bottle Machine As An International Historic Engineering Landmark" (PDF). ASME. May 17, 1983. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- "Michael J. Owens Dead. His Inventions Revolutionized Methods of Bottle Making". New York Times. December 28, 1923. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Biographical Sketch with portrait photo
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