Magnolia doltsopa

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Magnolia doltsopa
Michelia doltsopa Strybing.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Magnoliaceae
Genus: Magnolia
Subgenus: Magnolia subg. Yulania
Section: Magnolia sect. Michelia
Subsection: Magnolia subsect. Michelia
Species:
M. doltsopa
Binomial name
Magnolia doltsopa
Synonyms
  • Michelia doltsopa Buch.-Ham. ex DC.
  • Magnolia excelsa (Wall.) Blume
  • Michelia manipurensis Watt ex Brandis
  • Michelia wardii Dandy
  • Michelia calcuttensis P.Parm.
  • Sampacca excelsa (Wall.) Kuntze[2]

Magnolia doltsopa is a large shrub or small tree native to the eastern Himalayan region and the Meghalaya subtropical forests in Northeastern India.[3] The wood is fragrant.[4]

Description[edit]

The plant varies in form from bushy to narrow and upright, can grow to a height of 30 metres (98 ft) tall. The tree flowers in spring and produces heavily scented white flowers. It has long leathery and glossy dark-green leaves, 6–17 centimetres (2.4–6.7 in) in length, that provide a point of interest all year long. The wood is a rich brown.[5] It grows in evergreen broad-leaved forests.[6]

The "Silver Cloud" variety grows to 15 feet and flowers earlier in its lifespan.[7]

Cultivation[edit]

Magnolia doltsopa is used as a featured ornamental tree and street tree, or pruned as a hedge. It enjoys a sheltered position in full or part sun, and appreciates well drained soil.[8] It can tolerate acidic soil.[7]

Global distribution and use[edit]

In Nepal, the wood of the Magnolia doltsopa is used for house building.[4] It is also used for house building in Bhutan, where in the 1980s it suffered from over-harvesting.[5]

The Magnolia doltsopa is useful in a Shifting cultivation system, which relies on species with good nitrogen fixation in soil.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Magnolia doltsopa". 23 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Magnolia doltsopa (Buch.-Ham. ex DC.) Figlar — the Plant List".
  3. ^ Flint, Harrison L. (1997). Landscape Plants for Eastern North America: Exclusive of Florida and the Immediate Gulf Coast. John Wiley & Sons. p. 394. ISBN 9780471599197.
  4. ^ a b Loudon, John Claudius (1838). Arboretum Et Fruticetum Britannicum. Harvard University. pp. 291. michelia doltsopa.
  5. ^ a b Hellum, A. K. (2001). A Painter's Year in the Forests of Bhutan. University of Alberta. p. 10. ISBN 9780888643230.
  6. ^ "Magnolia doltsopa - Trees and Shrubs Online". treesandshrubsonline.org. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  7. ^ a b Burke, Don (2005). The Complete Burke's Backyard: The Ultimate Book of Fact Sheets. Murdoch Books. p. 453. ISBN 9781740457392.
  8. ^ Pacific Horticultural Foundation (1960). "California Horticultural Journal". California Horticultural Journal. 21–22.
  9. ^ Sharma, P. D. (2009). Ecology and Environment. Rastogi Publications. p. 260. ISBN 9788171339051.