C. L. Hubbs, 1926
Micropoecilia is a genus of poeciliids native to fresh and brackish water from the Amazon Basin to Trinidad. While recognized as valid by FishBase, others have considered this genus as being synonymous with Poecilia.
There are currently four recognized species in this genus: 
- Micropoecilia bifurca (C. H. Eigenmann, 1909)
- Micropoecilia branneri (C. H. Eigenmann, 1894) (Branner's livebearer)
- Micropoecilia minima (W. J. E. M. Costa & Sarraf, 1997)
- Micropoecilia picta (Regan, 1913) (Swamp guppy)
- Bragança, P. H. N. and W. J. E. M. Costa (2011): Poecilia sarrafae, a new poeciliid from the Paraíba and Mearim river basins, northeastern Brazil (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontoidei). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 21 (no. 4) [Dec. 2010]: 369-376.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Micropoecilia in FishBase. August 2012 version.
- Petfish.net: Description of the painted guppy
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility: Micropoecilia parae
- Zipcodezoo.com: Branner's Livebearer
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