- Microporous materials have pore diameters of less than 2 nm.
- Mesoporous materials have pore diameters between 2 nm and 50 nm.
- Macroporous materials have pore diameters of greater than 50 nm.
Micropores may be defined differently in other contexts. For example, in the context of porous aggregations such as soil, micropores are defined as cavities with sizes less than 30 μm.
Uses in laboratories
Microporous materials are often used in laboratory environments to facilitate contaminant-free exchange of gases. Mold spores, bacteria, and other airborne contaminants will become trapped, while gases are allowed to pass through the material. This allows for a sterile environment within the contained area.
Microporous media are used in large format printing applications, normally with a pigment based ink, to maintain colour balance and life expectancy of the resultant printed image.
Microporous materials are also used as high performance insulation in applications ranging from homes to metal furnaces requiring material that can withstand more than 1000 Celsius.
- Characterisation of pore space in soil
- Nanoporous materials
- Conjugated microporous polymer, a type of microporous material
- Rouquerol, J.; et al. (1994). "Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids" (PDF). Pure Appl. Chem. 66: 1739–1758. doi:10.1351/pac199466081739. S2CID 18789898. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-02-24. Retrieved 2015-02-24. See page 1745.
- Soil Science Glossary Terms Committee (2008). Glossary of Soil Science Terms 2008. Madison, WI: Soil Science Society of America. ISBN 978-0-89118-851-3. Archived from the original on 2021-04-14. Retrieved 2021-11-26.