Miklós Horthy Jr.

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Miklós Horthy
de Nagybánya
Horthy Miklós ifj. (Magyar sportalmanach, 1935).jpg
in 1935
Personal details
Born
Miklós László János Benedek Horthy de Nagybánya

(1907-02-14)14 February 1907
Pola, Austria-Hungary
Died28 March 1993(1993-03-28) (aged 86)
Estoril, Portugal
The Horthy family in 1936: István Horthy, Gyula Károlyi, Magdolna and Miklós Horthy, Paulette Horthy, Miklós Horthy Jr.

Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya II (14 February 1907 – 28 March 1993) was the younger son of Hungarian regent Admiral Miklós Horthy and, until the end of World War II, a politician.

Biography[edit]

In his youth, Miklós Horthy Jr. and his older brother, István, were active members of a Roman Catholic Scout troop of the Hungarian Scout Association (Magyar Cserkészszövetség), although he was a Protestant.[1]

For a time, Miklós Jr. was the Hungarian ambassador to Brazil.

After the death of István in 1942, Miklós Jr. became more powerful in his father's government and supported his efforts to end the involvement of the Kingdom of Hungary with the Axis Powers. But on October 15, 1944, Nazi Germany launched Operation Panzerfaust (also known as Operation Mickey Mouse). As part of this operation, Miklós Jr. was kidnapped by German commandos led by Otto Skorzeny, and threatened with death unless his father surrendered and agreed to appoint the Arrow Cross Party as the new government. His father complied, and Horthy Jr. survived the war. Ironically, he became the only of Horthy’s four children to outlive their father.

While his father was placed under house arrest in Bavaria, the younger Miklós was sent to the Dachau concentration camp. Late in April 1945, Miklós Jr. was taken to the Tyrol with other prominent inmates of Dachau. There the SS abandoned their prisoners as Allied forces advanced. The younger Miklós Horthy was liberated by the Fifth U.S. Army on May 5, 1945.[2]

Father and son went into exile in Portugal, where Miklós Horthy Jr. lived almost fifty years before dying at Estoril, near Lisbon, in 1993. He had two daughters with his first wife Countess Mária Consueló Károlyi (1905–1976), Zsófia Horthy (1928–2004, Mrs Henry Freytag, then Mrs Charles Filliettaz) and Nicolette Horthy (1929–1990, Baroness Georg Bachofen von Echt). He was also a founding partner of Hovione, a Portuguese pharmaceutical company.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John S. Wilson: Scouting Round the World, first edition, London, Blandford Press, 1959, 81.
  2. ^ Peter Koblank: Die Befreiung der Sonder- und Sippenhäftlinge in Südtirol, Online-Edition Mythos Elser 2006 (in German)
  3. ^ Hovione website: [1](in English)