Minahassa masked owl

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Minahassa masked owl
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Tytonidae
Genus: Tyto
Species: T. T. inexspectata
Binomial name
Tyto T. inexspectata
(Schlegel, 1879)

The Minahassa masked owl (Tyto inexspectata), also known as the Minahassa barn owl, Sulawesi owl or Sulawesi golden owl, is an endemic barn owl living on Sulawesi, Indonesia. The name is derived from the Minahassa Peninsula, where it was first described as a breeding bird; however, it is also known to live in north-central Sulawesi.[2]

The Minahassa masked owl has short wings with wingspan of 240–250 mm well suited to its habitat in deep forests. It appears to prefer undisturbed or lightly disturbed rainforest at an altitude of 100-1,600 m. As the primary lowland forests on the Minahasa peninsula has been destroyed, the survival of the species depends on the more inaccessible montane forests. The species is known to inhabit the two large protected regions (Bogani Nani Wartabone and Lore Lindu National Parks) established in central Sulawesi and Minahassa Peninsula. The remaining population is estimated to be 2,500–10,000.[2]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Tyto inexspectata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (2001). Entry of Sulawesi Golden Owl Archived 2007-09-21 at the Wayback Machine.

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