Mindanao hawk-owl

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Mindanao hawk-owl
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Strigidae
Genus: Ninox
Species: N. spilocephala
Binomial name
Ninox spilocephala
Tweeddale, 1879

The Mindanao hawk-owl or Mindanao boobook (Ninox spilocephala) is a species of owl in the family Strigidae. It is endemic to the Philippines.


The Mindanao hawk-owl is an earless species. The males and females look much alike. It is one of the smallest in the Philippine hawk-owl complex.


The Mindanao hawk-owl can be found in forest areas up to 1800 metres, although they mostly reside in areas below 1000 metres above sea level. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. This species mates around February. The nests can be found in hollow trees.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Ninox spilocephala". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22728252A94976596. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22728252A94976596.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018. 
  • Kennedy, R.S., Gonzales P.C., Dickinson E.C., Miranda, Jr, H.C., Fisher T.H. (2000) A Guide to the Birds of the Philippines, Oxford University Press, Oxford.