Ministry of Justice (New Zealand)
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|Jurisdiction||Government of New Zealand|
|Headquarters||Justice Centre, 19 Aitken St, Wellington, New Zealand|
Total budget for 2017/18
The New Zealand Ministry of Justice (Māori: Tāhū o te Ture) is an executive branch of the New Zealand Government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice within New Zealand. It exists to create a fairer and safer New Zealand and provides many services on behalf of government to help achieve this." It provides advice and support to a number of Ministers of the Crown including the Minister of Justice; the Minister for Courts; the Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations; the Minister Responsible for the Law Commission and the Attorney-General. Additionally, due to its geographical proximity, New Zealand's Ministry of Justice might also oversee the administration of justice in Tokelau (New Zealand territory) and the Pitcairn Islands (even though it is considered a British overseas territory).
Leadership and staff
The Ministry of Justice has a ten-member Strategic Leadership Team led by Andrew Bridgman, Secretary for Justice and Chief Executive. The Ministry employs approximately 3,800 staff around New Zealand and delivers a variety of services including the administration of court services and the collection of fines. The Ministry also provides policy advice to the Minister of Justice, assists with the negotiation of Treaty of Waitangi claims and the running of parliamentary elections.
|Hon Andrew Little||Lead Minister (Ministry of Justice)
Minister of Justice
Minister for Courts
Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations
|Hon Kelvin Davis||Minister for Crown/Māori Relations|
|Hon David Parker||Attorney-General|
|Hon Aupito William Sio||Associate Minister of Justice|
Associate Minister for Courts
|Hon Meka Whaitiri||Associate Minister for Crown/Māori Relations|
|Jan Logie||Parliamentary Under-Secretary to the Minister of Justice (Domestic and Sexual Violence Issues)|
The Ministry has a number of policy teams which provide advice to the Government of the day on legal issues and any new legislation which is being proposed. The teams conduct research and evaluate policy relating to civil, criminal, and constitutional law, foreshore and seabed issues and Treaty of Waitangi negotiations. The Ministry also manages input from the public when legislation on justice issues is being considered.
The New Zealand Law Commission also provides advice on legal and justice issues and is part of the justice sector. However, the Law Commission is an independent body whereas the Ministry of Justice is not. The MOJ provides advice to the Minister but ultimately is required to implement and administer whatever policies the government of the day passes into legislation.
Providing support to judiciary
The Ministry ensures that judges are provided with administrative and technological support, as well as administering funding for judicial training and development. The Ministry has a difficult role in that it supports both the executive and the judicial arms of government. However, it co-operates with the judiciary to ensure that its constitutional independence from Government is maintained.
The Ministry's official website states: "The Ministry provides administration, case management and support services to the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, High Court, District Court, special jurisdictions, and a range of tribunals and authorities in 103 locations around New Zealand". It also provides
"registry services, claims administration, research services, hearings management, judicial support and report-writing services for the Waitangi Tribunal. The Ministry negotiates for the settlement of historical claims arising from the Treaty of Waitangi, and manages land for use in settlements".
Services provided by the Ministry include the administration of legal aid, the Public Defence Service, information about domestic violence and protection orders, separation and divorce, jury service, enforcing civil debt, and how to access wills and other records. The Ministry also provides advice to the Minister of Justice on miscarriages of justice, including the exercise of the royal prerogative of mercy and compensation for wrongful conviction and imprisonment.
The Ministry also provides leadership for the justice sector as a whole. As such it works with the New Zealand Police, the Department of Corrections and the Ministry of Social Development, the Law Commission and a number of other Crown entities. In 2011, a Sector Leadership Board was established chaired by the Secretary for Justice and responsible for improving the performance of these agencies involved in the criminal justice system.
Justice sector costs
The Ministry's departmental expenditure for 2012/13 was $566 million and the non-departmental expenditure was $1,079 million. The Ministry's expenditure rose to $582 million in the year to 30 June 2017. Departmental expenditure is directly controlled by the Ministry and includes the cost of administering the courts and tribunals, the Legal Aid system, the Public Defence Service, collecting court fines and providing policy advice. Non-departmental costs are administered but not under direct control by the Ministry. They include Treaty of Waitangi Treaty Settlements, Judges' salaries and Legal Aid Payments. However the justice sector as a whole, including police and Corrections, has an operating budget of $3.8 billion a year and employs around 22,000 people. Over the next five years an additional $1.8 billion will be spent on new capital. Around 80% of Justice sector expenditure is spent on criminal justice.
- Corruption in New Zealand
- Justice ministry
- Law of New Zealand
- New Zealand Law Commission
- Legal Aid in New Zealand
- http://www.treasury.govt.nz/statesector/performance/bass/benchmarking/2012-13/metric-bnchmrk-12-13.xls[dead link]
- "Total Appropriations for Each Vote". 2017 Budget. The Treasury.
- "What we do". About the Ministry. Ministry of Justice.
- Rishworth, Paul. "PITCAIRN, HENDERSON, DUCIE AND OENO ISLANDS: COUNTRY REPORT FOR PILON 2012" (PDF). Pacific Islands Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
- Aust, Anthony (2010-04-01). Handbook of International Law. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781139485784.
- "Who we are". About the Ministry. Ministry of Justice.
- "Benchmarking Administration and Support Services 2012/13 Metric Results and Data points".[dead link]
- "About the Ministry". Ministry of Justice.
- "Ministerial List". DPMC. 26 October 2017.
- "Who we work with". Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Policy Development". Ministry of Justice.
- "Section 5 Functions". Law Commission Act 1985. Parliamentary Counsel Office.
- "Miscarriages of Justice". Services. Ministry of Justice.
- "Who we work with". About the Ministry. Ministry of Justice.
- "About the justice sector". Justice Sector. Ministry of Justice.
- "Annual Report 2016/2017" (PDF). Ministry of Justice. 28 September 2017.
- "Ministry of Justice Annual Report 1 July 2012–30 June 2013".
- Court streamlining under way, NZ Herald 30 December 2012
- Formal Review of the Ministry of Justice State Services Commission, the Treasury, and the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Wellington, July 2012, p 3.