Minnie Spotted-Wolf

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Minnie Spotted-Wolf
Born 1923
Heart Butte, Montana
Died 1988 (aged 64–65)
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1943-1945
Rank Private
Battles/wars World War II
Other work Teacher

Private Minnie Spotted-Wolf (1923–1988) was the first Native American woman to enlist in the United States Marine Corps.


Minnie Spotted-Wolf enlisted in the Marine Corps Women's Reserve in July 1943.[1]

Spotted-Wolf, from Heart Butte, Montana, was a member of the Blackfoot tribe. Prior to joining the Marines, she had worked on her father's ranch doing such chores as cutting fence posts, driving a two-ton truck, and breaking horses.[2] Known for her skill for breaking horses, she described Marine boot camp as: "hard but not too hard."[3]

She served on military bases in California and Hawaii. She was a heavy equipment operator, and as a driver for general officers.[2]

Press coverage of her wartime service included headlines like Minnie, Pride of the Marines, Is Bronc-Busting Indian Queen.[4] According to her daughter, "she could outride guys into her early 50s."[4]

After her military service, she earned a degree in Elementary Education, and spent 29 years as a teacher.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "History of the Women Marines". Women Marines Association. Archived from the original on 2006-06-16. Retrieved 2006-08-10. 
  2. ^ a b c White, Cody (25 July 2013). "Minnie Spotted Wolf and the Marine Corps". Prologue: Pieces of History. National Archives.
  3. ^ "WWII – First USMC Native American Minnie Spotted Wolf". Armed Forces History Museum. 29 July 2013.
  4. ^ a b Montana Historical Society (26 August 2014). ""You Have to Take What They Send You Now Days": Montana Women's Service in World War II". Women's History Matters. Montana Historical Society


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