Minuscule 118

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Minuscule 118
New Testament manuscript
Now atBodleian Library
Size20.5 cm by 14.8 cm
TypeCaesarean text-type
Handnot neat

Minuscule 118 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 346 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 13th-century. It has complex contents with some marginalia.


The codex contains almost complete text of the four Gospels on 256 parchment leaves (size 20.5 cm by 14.8 cm),[2] with the average dimensions of the text 15 cm by 10.5 cm.[3] Some texts were defects and were supplied in the 15th century on six paper leaves by later hands with texts of Matthew 1:1-6:2; Luke 13:15-14:20, 18:8-19:9, John 16:25-end.[4]

The text is not divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), but there are τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234, 16:9) but added by later hand, with references to Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains the Eusebian tables, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), numbers of στιχοι, and numbers of ρηματα. Synaxaria and Menologion were added by a later hand.[5]

The codex contains supplementary leaves in Matthew, Luke, and John. The supplementary leaves of Luke 13:35-14:20 and 18:8-29 are palimpsest on parchment, the underwriting contains the Psalms.[3]

The hand is not neat, but readable.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Caesarean text-type. It belongs to the textual Family 1. Aland placed it in Category III.[6] As a member of the f1 has a close affinity to the codices 205 and 209. They together constitute a sub-group within this family.[7] According to the Claremont Profile Method 118 is a core of Family 1.[8]


C. R. Gregory dated it to the 13th-century.[4] Currently it is dated by the INTF to the 13th-century.[2]

The manuscript was donated by Narcissus March († 1713), Archbishop of Armagh, to the Bodleian Library.[3]

It was well collated by Griesbach.[5] According to Griesbach the text of this manuscript is a representative of the Alexandrian textual recension.[9] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1883.[4]

The manuscript was examined by Kirsopp Lake.[10]

It is currently housed at the Bodleian Library (Auct. D. inf. 2.17), at Oxford.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 52.
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 53.
  3. ^ a b c d Amy S. Anderson (2004). The Textual tradition of the Gospels: Family 1 in Matthew. Leiden; Boston: Brill. p. 110.
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs. p. 154.
  5. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 211.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  7. ^ Amy S. Anderson, The Textual tradition of the Gospels: Family 1 in Matthew, Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2004, p. 111.
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 55. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  9. ^ J. J. Griesbach, Novum Testamentum Graecum, vol. I (Halle, 1777), prolegomena.
  10. ^ Kirsopp Lake, Codex 1 of the Gospels and its Allies, Texts and Studies VII 3 (Cambridge, 1902).

Further reading[edit]

  • J. J. Griesbach, Symbolae critique, I, 8, CCII-CCXXIII.
  • Kirsopp Lake, Codex 1 of the Gospels and its Allies, Texts and Studies VII 3 (Cambridge, 1902).

External links[edit]