Minuscule 121

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Minuscule 121
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 1284
Script Greek
Now at Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève
Size 19.5 cm by 15 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 121 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 366 (Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1284.[3]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 241 parchment leaves (size 19.5 cm by 15 cm)[3] with one lacuna in Matthew 5:21-8:24. The text is written in one column per page, 24 lines per page.[4] The capital letters in colour.[5]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (Mark 241 – 16:20), (no references to the Eusebian Canons).[5]

It contains tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), incipits, Synaxarion, Menologion, and subscriptions at the end of each Gospel.[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[6] Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it creates textual cluster 121, as a leader manuscript. Textually it is close to Minuscule 64, 533, 662, 663, 1060, 1297, 1642, and 1665.[6]


According to the colophon it was written in September 1284, by Joasaph.[8]

It was examined by Griesbach,[9] Scholz, Tischendorf, and Paulin Martin.[10] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1884.[5]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève (3398), at Paris.[3][11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte. 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 178. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 52. 
  3. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 53.
  4. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 154–155. 
  6. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 55, 110. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 211. 
  9. ^ J. J. Griesbach, Symbolae criticae ad supplendas et corrigendas variarum N. T. lectionum collectiones (Halle, 1793), pp. CCXXIII-CCXXIV
  10. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs relatifs au Nouveau Testament, conservés dans les bibliothèques de Paris (Paris 1883), p. 52–53
  11. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 8 March 2011.