Minuscule 196

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Minuscule 196
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Laurentian Library
Size 24.6 cm by 18.4 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 196 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Zε23 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 369 thick parchment leaves (size 24.6 cm by 18.4 cm).[2] The text is written in one column per page, 44 lines per page, biblical text in red, commentary's text in black ink.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[3]

The text of Matt 15:10-17:22 is written on paper, in 27 lines per page.[3] It contains prolegomena, lists of the κεφαλαια (lists of contents) before each Gospel, and portraits of the Evangelists (Luke with his disciple, John with Prochorus).[4] The biblical text is surrounded by a catena. The biblical text is written in red ink, the catena text in black.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[6]


The manuscript once belonged to Lorenzo de Midicis, who presented it in 1473 to the Convent of S. Marco de Florentia des Predigerordens.[3]

It was examined by Bianchini, Birch, Scholz, and Burgon. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3]

It is currently housed at the Laurentian Library (Plutei. VIII. 12), at Florence.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 55. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 58.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 165. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 218. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 57. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

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