Minuscule 23

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Minuscule 23
New Testament manuscript
Name Colbertinus 3947
Text Gospels
Date 11th-century
Script Greek
Now at National Library of France
Size 23 cm by 18.4 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 23 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1183 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th-century.[2][3] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a text of the four Gospels with some lacunae (Matthew 1:1-5.7-16; Luke 24:42-John 2:20; John 21:24.25), on 230 parchment leaves (23 cm by 18.4 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 22 lines per page.[4] The initial letters in gold and colour.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (no references to the Eusebian Canons).[4]

It contains lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, and lectionary markings at the margin (for Church reading). It has the Latin Vulgate version down to Luke 4:18.[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Kx in Luke 10. In Luke 1 and Luke 20 (weak) it represents textual cluster Π1441.[7]

Verse John 21:25 is omitted.[4]


The manuscript probably was written in Italy.[4] It is dated by the INTF to the 11th-century.[2][3]

It was partially examined and collated by Griesbach and Scholz (only 186 verses).[5] It was examined and described by Paulin Martin.[8] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Gr. 77) in Paris.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 49. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 48.
  3. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testament. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 134. 
  5. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 194. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs relatifs au Nouveau Testament, conservés dans les bibliothèques de Paris (Paris 1883), p. 375