Minuscule 346

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Minuscule 346
New Testament manuscript
Date12th century
Now atBiblioteca Ambrosiana
CiteScholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise (1823)
Size22.3 cm by 16.5 cm
TypeCaesarean text-type
Handcarelessly written
Notemember of f13

Minuscule 346 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 226 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 168 parchment leaves (22.3 cm by 16.5 cm) with one Lacuna (John 3:26-7:52).[2] It contains also liturgical book with hagiographies: Synaxarion and Menologion.[3]

The text is written in one column per page, in 31-32 lines per page.[2] According to F. H. A. Scrivener it was carelessly written.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234 Sections - the last in 16:9), whose numbers are given at the margin, but without references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), subscriptions at the end of each of the Gospels, numbers of "remata", and numbers of στιχοι.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Caesarean text-type. Aland placed it in Category III.[5]

It is a member of the textual family f13.[3] According to the Claremont Profile Method it belongs to the f 13 as a core member.[6]

It has many unusual readings (e.g. Matt 1:16 — ω μνηστευθεισα παρθενος Μαριαμ εγεννησεν Ιησουν τον λεγομενον χριστον).[4]


Gregory dated the manuscript to the 12th century.[3] Currently it is dated by the INTF to the 12th century.[2]

The manuscript was bought in 1606 at "Callipoli in Salentinis" (Calabria).[3] The manuscript was examined by Scholz and Burgon. It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794-1852).[7] Text of the codex was collated by Abbott and edited by Ferrar.[8] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3]

The manuscript is currently housed at the Biblioteca Ambrosiana (S. 23 sup.) in Milan.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 60.
  2. ^ a b c d e Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 67. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 181.
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 231.
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 59. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  7. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 225.
  8. ^ W. H. Ferrar, "A Collation of Four Important Manuscripts of the Gospels", ed. T. K. Abbott (Dublin: Macmillan & Co., 1877).

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 10 December 2015.