Minuscule 349

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Minuscule 349
New Testament manuscript
Now atBiblioteca Ambrosiana
CiteScholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise (1823)
Size22.6 cm by 15 cm
NoteFamily 1424

Minuscule 349 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 413 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on paper. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1322.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 399 paper leaves (22.6 cm by 15 cm). The text is written in one column per page, in 14-25 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234 Sections, the last in 16:9), without references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the Synaxarion, Menologion, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, Verses (later hand), and pictures.[3][4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. It is a member of the textual family 1424. Aland did not place it in any Category.[5] According to the Claremont Profile Method it creates textual cluster 349 and textual pair with minuscule 2388.[6]


The manuscript was bought in Corfu. It was examined by Scholz[7] and Burgon.[3] It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794-1852).[8] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1868.[3]

The manuscript is currently housed at the Biblioteca Ambrosiana (F. 61 sup.) in Milan.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 60.
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 67. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 181.
  4. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 232.
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 59. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  7. ^ J. M. A. Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise (Leipzig, 1823), p. 70-73.
  8. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 225.

Further reading[edit]

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