Minuscule 356

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Minuscule 356
New Testament manuscript
Text Catholic epistles †, Pauline epistles
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Emmanuel College, Cambridge
Size 9.2 cm by 7.8 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Hand beautifully written
Note marginalia

Minuscule 356 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 255 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] Formerly it was labelled by 53a and 30p.[3] It has marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the 2 Peter 2:4-3:18; 1 John 1:1-3:20 and Pauline epistles on 145 parchment leaves (size 9.2 cm by 7.8 cm) with some lacunae (1 Corinthians 11:7-15:56; Hebrews 11:27-13:25). The text is written in one column per page, in 24 lines per page,[2] in very small and beautiful minuscule letters.[3] According to Scrivener it has 184 errors of itacism.

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[3]

It contains Oecumenius' Prologue to the Romans, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each sacred book, and some marginal notes made by primâ manu. The text after 1 Timothy 6:5 was written by other hand, and far less careful. The manuscript exhibits throughout many abbreviations.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5]


The manuscript was given to the College in Testimonium grati animi by Samuel G. Wright, a member of the College, in 1598.[4] It was examined by John Mill (Cant. 3), Wettstein (53a, 30p), Fenton Hort, Dean Burgon, and Scrivener.[6] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1883.[3]

The manuscript was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794-1852).[7]

Formerly it was labelled by 53a and 30p.[3] In 1908 Gregory gave the number 356 to it.[1]

The manuscript is currently housed at the Emmanuel College (I. 4. 35) in Cambridge.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 60. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 68. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 268. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 188. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, F. H. A. (1859). An Exact Transcript of the Codex Augiensis. Cambridge and London: Deighton Bell & Co. pp. LXVI–LXVIII.  (as n)
  7. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 322. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]