Minuscule 43

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Minuscule 43
New Testament manuscript
Text New Testament (except Rev) †
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal
Size 20.6 cm by 16 cm
21.2 by 15.2 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category none
Note marginalia

Minuscule 43 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 270 and ε 107 (Von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves (20.5 by 15 cm). Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century.[2][3] Gregory suggested the 12th century.[4] It has full marginalia.


It was split in two volumes. The first volume has Gospels on 199 leaves with size 20.6 cm by 16 cm. The second volume containing Acts and Epistles on 189 leaves with size 21.2 by 15.2 cm. The codex contains entire of the New Testament, except last its book - Apocalypse. It has also some lacunae.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. The text of the Gospels has also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234 sections, the last numbered section in 16:9), with references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, the Eusebian Canon tables, prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before every Gospel, (lectionary markings and αναγνωσεις were added by a later hand), subscriptions at the end of each book, numbers of στιχοι (in James and Paul) (in Pauline epistles).[4][5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type with some alien readings. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx. Aland did not place it in any of his Categories.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Kx.[7]

In 1 John 5:6 it has textual variant δι' ὕδατος καὶ πνεύματος (through water and spirit) together with the manuscripts 241, 463, 945, 1241, 1831, 1877*, 1891.[8][n 1]


The manuscript was dated by Gregory to the 12th century.[4] Currently it has been assigned by the INTF to the 11th century.[2][3]

Possibly it was written in Ephesus. It was given by P. de Berzi in 1661 to the Oratory of San Maglorian.[5] It was examined and described by Amelotte, Simon, Scholz.[4] and Paulin Martin,[9] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1884.[4]

It was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Wettstein.

It is currently housed in at the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal (8409. 8410), one of the branches of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, at Paris.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ For the other textual variants of this verse see: Textual variants in the First Epistle of John.


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 49. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 49.
  3. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2014-10-19. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 138. 
  5. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 197. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ UBS3, p. 823.
  9. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 50

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • R. Waltz, Minuscule 43 At the Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism (2007)