Minuscule 484

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Minuscule 484
New Testament manuscript
Folio 9
Folio 9
Text Gospels
Date 1291/1292
Script Greek
Now at British Library
Size 34 cm by 25 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note fine copy, but damaged

Minuscule 484 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 322 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on thick cotton paper (charta Damascena). It is dated by a Colophon to the year 1291/1292.

The manuscript was prepared for liturgical use. It contains liturgical books. Scrivener labelled it by number 571. The manuscript has complex contents.

Description[edit]

The codex contains the complete text of the four Gospels on 258 thick paper leaves (size 34 cm by 25 cm).[2] The leaves are arranged in octavo (eight leaves in quire).[3] It is written in one column per page, 23-25 lines per page.[2][4] In some parts the text is almost illegible.[5]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234 sections, the last section in 16:9), but without references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains the prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), incipits, liturgical books with hagiographies (Synaxarion and Menologion), subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, numbers of στιχοι, and pictures.[4][6] It is a fine copy, but much damaged.[6]

Text[edit]

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[7] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents to the textual family Family Kx in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20. It belongs to the textual cluster 74.[8] According to Scrivener it is different from the codex 483 — written by the same scribe — only in 183 places (errors of itacisms excluded).[6]

The manuscript has several remarkable and unusual readings — from the point of view Textus Receptus — such as in Matthew 9:22; 18:30; 20:6; Mark 3:32; 5:22; 11:26; 12:12.[9]

History[edit]

According to the colophon on folio 258, the manuscript was written by monk Theodoros Hagiographita in the 6800 year from creation of the world, it means in 1292 CE[5][2][10] in Thessalonica, monastery of Philokalos.[11] According to the note from 14th century on folio 8 verso, it was presented by monk Dositheos, son of the grammaticus Demetrios of Thessalonica, to the archon Alexios. Giovanni Saibante, of Verona, was its owner in the first half of the 18th century.[11]

It once belonged to Charles Burney, as codices 480, 481, 482, 485, and 184.[4] It was purchased to the British Museum in 1818.[6]

The manuscript was examined and collated by Scrivener, who published its text in 1852.[4] The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (571)[6] and Gregory (484).[4] Scrivener collated its text.[5] It was examined by Henri Omont.[12]

It is currently housed at the British Library (Burney 21) in London.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 65. 
  2. ^ a b c d Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 76. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ Henri Omont, Notes sur les manuscrits grecs du British Museum, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes, 45 (1884), p. 344.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 194. 
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1853). Full and Exact Collation of About Twenty Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels. Cambridge and London: John W. Parker and Son. pp. LII–LIV. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 257. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 61, 92. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  9. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1853). Full and Exact Collation of About Twenty Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels. Cambridge and London: John W. Parker and Son. pp. LIV. 
  10. ^ Henri Omont, Notes sur les manuscrits grecs du British Museum, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes, 45 (1884), p. 349.
  11. ^ a b Codex Burney 21 at the British Library
  12. ^ Henri Omont, Notes sur les manuscrits grecs du British Museum, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes, 45 (1884), pp. 344, 349.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]