Minuscule 492

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Minuscule 492
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 1325/1326
Script Greek
Now at British Library
Size 24 cm by 16.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type/mixed
Category V
Hand beautifully written

Minuscule 492 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 433 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1325 or 1326.[2] Scrivener labeled it by number 577.[3] The manuscript has complex contents.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 269 parchment leaves (size 24 cm by 16.5 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 24 lines per page.[2] According to Scrivener it is beautifully written.

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with the τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages.[4]

It contains the tables of κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin, some αναγνωσεις (later hand), and pictures. Liturgical books with hagiographies Synaxarion and Menologion were added by a later hand.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] Hermann von Soden included it to the textual family Kx. It was confirmed by Claremont Profile Method in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made.[6]


The manuscript was written by Constantin, a monk, for the wish of Archimadrite Kallinikus, in the monastery of the Saint Demetrius. It was once at Sinai, then it belonged to the Bishop Butler's collection (as 491 and 493).[3][4]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (577) and Gregory (492). It was examined by Scrivener and Bloomfield.[4] Edward Maunde Thompson published facsimile.[7]

It is currently housed at the British Library (Additional Manuscripts, 11838) in London.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 66. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 76. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 258. 
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 195. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 61. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Facsimiles of Ancient Manuscripts, ed. E. M. Thompson and others, I (London, 1903-1912); New Pal Soc I, 130.

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Turyn, Dated Greek Manuscripts of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries in the Libraries of Great Britain, Dumbarton Oaks Series XVII (Washington, D.C., 1980), p. 60, 90.
  • Facsimiles of Ancient Manuscripts, ed. E. M. Thompson and others, I (London, 1903-1912); New Pal Soc I, 130.

External links[edit]

  • "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 7 April 2011.