Minuscule 495

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Minuscule 495
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 12th-century
Script Greek
Found 1846
Now at British Library
Size 16.9 cm by 12.2 cm
Type Byzantine text-type/Kmix
Category none
Note full marginalia

Minuscule 495 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 243 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th-century.[2] Scrivener labelled it by number 581.[3] The manuscript is lacunose, marginalia are full. It was adapted for liturgical use.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 181 parchment leaves (size 16.9 cm by 12.2 cm) with small lacuna at the beginning. The text is written in one column per page, 28-29 lines per page.[2] The headings of the Gospels are titled in way εκ του κατα...[4][n 1]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), liturgical books with hagiographies (Synaxarion, and Menologion). It has marginal notes.[4] It has not the Eusebian Canon tables but there is a space for it.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden did not include it to the subfamilies of the Byzantine text, he classified it is a member of the I' group with 28 other manuscripts. Wisse classified it as Kmix (a mixture of the Byzantine families).[5] Aland did not place it in any Category.[6]

It has some unique readings and many corrections.[4]


The manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 12th-century.[2]

In 1846 the manuscript was bought together with the codex 496 from captain C. K. MacDonald, who visited Sinai (and saw Codex Sinaiticus).[4] The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (581) and C. R. Gregory (495). It was examined by Scrivener and Bloomfield.[4]

It is currently housed at the British Library (Additional Manuscripts, 16183) in London.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ In this way are titled the headings of the Gospels in manuscripts: 69, 178, 543, 668.


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 66. 
  2. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 76. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 258. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchahandlung. p. 195. 
  5. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 50, 61. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]