Minuscule 52

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Minuscule 52
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 1285/1286
Script Greek
Now at Bodleian Library
Size 16.5 cm by 12.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Hand elegant small letters
Note full marginalia

Minuscule 52 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 345 (Von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. The codex was written in 1285 or 1286.[2][3] It has complex contents and full marginalia.


The codex contains complete text of the four Gospels on 158 leaves (size 16.5 cm by 12.5 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 27-30 lines per page, in an elegant small minuscule letters.[2] The large initial letters in red.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin. There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains Prolegomena, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), pictures, menaion, and subscriptions at the end of the Gospels.[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents Kx text in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It creates a textual cluster with Minuscule 46.[7]


The manuscript once belonged to Joasaph, a monk. William Laud became its owner in 1640.[4]

It was examined by Mill (as Laud. 5) and Griesbach.[5]

It was added to the list of the New Testament manuscript by Wettstein. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1883.[4]

It is currently housed in at the Bodleian Library (Laud. Gr. 3), at Oxford.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 50. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 49.
  3. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 140. 
  5. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 198. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 54. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Turyn, "Dated Greek Manuscripts of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries in the Libraries of Great Britain", Dumbarton Oaks Series 27, Washington, D.C., 1980, pp. 44 ff.