Minuscule 669

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Minuscule 669
New Testament manuscript
The first page of Mark with baldachin headpiece
The first page of Mark with baldachin headpiece
Name Benton Gospel 3
Text Gospels
Date 10th/11th century
Script Greek
Found 1844, Crete
Now at General Theological Seminary
Cite J. R. Harris, Sunday School Times
Size 19.6 cm by 16.6 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 669 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1025 (Soden),[1][2] known as Benton Gospel 3, is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated palaeographically to the 11th century (or 10th century - Aland).[3][4] Scrivener labelled it by 902e.[5] The manuscript is lacunose.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 272 parchment leaves (19.6 cm by 16.6 cm),[3] with some Lacunae (Matthew 1:1-27:58; Luke 1:1-2:16; John 1:1-14).[1] The text is written in one column per page, 17 lines per page in minuscule letters.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), and smaller the Ammonian Sections. The numbers of the κεφαλαια are given at the margin, with their τιτλοι (titles) at the top in red. The Ammonian sections were given at the margin, with a references to the Eusebian Canons.[6]

The lists of the κεφαλαια precede Gospel of Mark and Gospel of Luke, the lists before Luke and John have not survived to the present day. The codex contains miniatures and decorated initial letters. The tables of the κεφαλαια (contents) and Synaxarion were added by a later hand.[6]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the Kx. Aland placed it in Category V.[7] According to the Claremont Profile Method it belongs to the textual family Family Kx in Luke 10 and Luke 20. In Luke 1 its text is defective.[8]

The text of Luke 22:43.44 is marked by an obelus (÷) and John 5:3.4 is marked by an asterisk (※).[6]


The manuscript was written in Constantinople in the 10th century. The manuscript was brought to America in 1844 from Crete, by George Benton (along with Minuscule 670, and Lectionary 302). In 1913 it was presented to the General Theological Seminary in New York City.

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener and Gregory. It was examined by J. Rendel Harris.

Formerly it was part of Private Collection Ch. C. Ryrie in Dallas.[3] It was sold at auction December 5, 2016.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 134
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 71. 
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 87. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 276. 
  6. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 211. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 64. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]