Minuscule 684

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Minuscule 684
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 14th century
Script Greek
Now at Bodleian Library
Size 29 cm by 21.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 684 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Θε34 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1228. The manuscript has complex contents.[3][4] Scrivener labelled it by 1146e.[5]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 300 parchment leaves (size 29 cm by 21.5 cm).[1][3] The text is written in one column per page, 42 lines per page.[3][6] The biblical text is surrounded by a catena, of the authorship of Theophylact.[6]

It contains tables of the κεφαλαια, numbers of the κεφαλαια (chapters) at the margin, the τιτλοι (titles) at the top, the Ammonian Sections, without references to the Eusebian Canons, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and numbers of stichoi.[5][6]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

It was not examined by using the Claremont Profile Method.[8]


Currently the manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 13th century.[4]

According to the colophon the manuscript was written by monk Gregorius in 1228. It once belonged to Giulio Giustiniani in Venice.[6] It was examined by Bernard de Montfaucon (Diarium Italicum, p. 433-437).

It once belonged to the private collection of the Earl of Leicester (104) along with Minuscule 683.[6]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscript by Scrivener (1146) and Gregory (684).[5]

Actually the manuscript is housed at the Bodleian Library (Holkham Gr. 64), Oxford.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 264.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 72. 
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 88. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (fourth ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 279. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig. p. 212. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 64. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]