Minuscule 720 (Gregory-Aland)

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Minuscule 720
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospel, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles
Date 1138/1139
Script Greek
Now at Austrian National Library
Size 29.9 cm by 22 cm
Type mixed
Category III

Minuscule 720 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Θε20 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on paper. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1138 or 1139. The manuscript has complex contents.[3][4] Scrivener labelled it as 825e.[5]


The codex contains the text of the New Testament except Book of Acts and Apocalypse, on 296 (118 + 178) paper leaves (size 29.9 cm by 22 cm).[3][6]

The text is written in one column per page, 56 lines per page.[3]

It contains a Theophylact's commentary to the Gospels.[6]

The order of books is unusual: Mark, John, Matthew, the Catholic epistles, Luke, and the Pauline epistles. Epistle to the Hebrews is placed after Philemon, Romans and 1-2 Corinthians after Hebrews.[1]


The Greek text of the codex is mixed. Kurt Aland placed it in Category III.[7]

It was not examined by using Claremont Profile Method.[8]


According to the colophon it was written in 1138 or 1139, by Leo, a monk.[4][6]

The manuscript once belonged to John Sambucky.[6]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (825) and Gregory (720e for the Gospels, 258a for the Catholic epistles, 308p for the Pauline epistles). Gregory saw the manuscript in 1887.[6]

At present the manuscript is housed at the Austrian National Library (Theol. gr. 79. 80) in Vienna.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 262.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 73.
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 90. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  4. ^ a b c Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (fourth ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 274.
  6. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 216.
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 65. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.

Further reading[edit]

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