Minuscule 85

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Minuscule 85
New Testament manuscript
Name Codex Monacensis 569
Text Gospels
Date 13th century
Script Greek
Now at Bavarian State Library
Size 14 cm by 9.7 cm
Type ?
Category none
Hand beautifully written
Note marginalia

Minuscule 85 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 391 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 13th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, with numerous lacunae, on 30 parchment leaves (size 14 cm by 9.7 cm), with numerous lacunae. The text is written in one column per page, 25 lines per page (size of text 10.1 by 6.2).[2] The initial letters are written in red.

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections, (no references to the Eusebian Canons).[3]

It contains lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), and incipits.[3][4]


Matthew 8:15-9:17; 16:12-17.20; 24:26-45; 26:35-54; Mark 6:13-9.45; Luke 3:12-6.44; John 9:11-12:5; 19:6-24; 20:23-21:9.


The Greek text of the codex Kurt Aland did not place in any Category.[5] It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[6]


The manuscript used to be held in Augsburg (as codices 83, 84).[3]

It was examined by Bengel (as August. 3), Scholz, and Dean Burgon. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1887.[4]

It is housed in at the Bavarian State Library (Gr. 569), at München.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 51. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 51.
  3. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 148. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 206. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 54. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]