Minuscule 98

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Minuscule 98
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Found E. D. Clarke
Now at Bodleian Library
Size 21.5 cm by 16 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 98 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 266 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century.[2] It has marginalia, it was adapted for liturgical use.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 222 leaves (size 21.5 cm by 16 cm). The text is written stichometrically in one column per page, 25 lines per page.[2] The initial letters in red. There are Iota adscriptum.

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (no references to the Eusebian Canons).[3]

It contains pictures of Evangelists, lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and numbers of στιχοι.[3][4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] According to the Claremont Profile Method it belongs to the textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 10. In Luke 20 it has mixed Byzantine text with some relationship to the M groups.[6]


The manuscript was brought by Edward Daniel Clarke (1769-1822) from the East to England. It was by one librarian collated in Matthew 6; 9; 10; Mark 5; 6; Luke 4; 5; 6 for Scholz.[4] Wettstein's 98 is Lectionary 294. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1883.[3]

It is currently housed at the Bodleian Library (E. D. Clarke 5), at Oxford.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 51. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 52.
  3. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 151. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 207. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 54. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

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