Mobile Intensive Care Nurse
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A Mobile Intensive Care Nurse (MICN) is a Registered Nurse specialized in care in the pre-hospital setting. These are mostly air-medical personnel or critical care transport providers with specialized training and experience in pre-hospital care. Such nurses are required by their employers to seek additional certifications beyond basic nursing licensure and are often required to have three years (minimum) of full-time experience in emergency and/or intensive care. Certifications requirements vary but often include advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), basic life support (BLS), pediatric advanced life support (PALS), neonatal resuscitation program (NRP), trauma nursing core course (TNCC), and Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS), in addition to Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS). Standards also include being board certified in Emergency Nursing (CEN), Critical Care Nursing (CCRN), and Ground Transport (CTRN) or Flight Nursing (CFRN) respectively. These nurses are trained up to and able to operate at or above the level of a paramedic and in some regions are authorized to operate base station phones for medical command. Some states allow them to operate entirely under standing orders while on a ground ambulance or air medical unit (i.e. offline medical control). Training also includes specific education relevant to the state and its protocols, and often requires the nurse to train with paramedics for a period of time as well as taking an additional exam administered by their medical director before being allowed to operate on a ground ambulance or air medical unit. Many of these nurses hold certifications as Emergency Medical Technicians or Paramedics, and in some states are required to, but it is not the standard of practice.
- "Qualifications, Orientation, Competencies, and Continuing Education for Transport Nurses" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-08-30. Air & Transport Nurse Association, 2012.
- "Advanced Life Support Services; Mobile Intensive Care Programs, Specialty Care Transport Services and Air Medical Services" (PDF). New Jersey Administrative Code. State of New Jersey. NJAC 8:41. Retrieved 2010-01-04.
- "ROLE OF THE REGISTERED NURSE IN THE OUT-OF-HOSPITAL ENVIRONMENT" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-08-30. Air & Transport Nurse Association, 2010.