Modified citrus pectin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Modified citrus pectin (also known as citrus pectin, and MCP) is a modified, more digestible form of pectin. It is obtained from the peels, seeds and pulp of citrus fruits using a chemical extraction process.[1]

In general, pectin is a gel-forming polysaccharide from plant cell walls, especially apple and citrus fruits. Pectin is a type of viscous dietary fiber and varies in the length of polysaccharide chains. Although pectin is not digestible by humans, it can be treated to create smaller fiber fragments to increase absorbability across the small intestine epithelium.


Modified citrus pectin (also known as depolymerized pectin, fractioned pectin, modified pectin, pH-modified pectin, low molecular weight pectin, and MCP) is a more digestible form of pectin. Modified citrus pectin is composed predominantly of D-polygalacturonates, which are more easily absorbed by the human digestive system.[2]

Modified citrus pectin is promoted and sold as a dietary supplement.[3]

Safety and adverse effects[edit]

In general, pectin is considered as a safe ingredient used as emulsifiers and gelling agents in manufactured foods; accordingly, pectin and MCP are generally recognized as safe.[1]

Although modified citrus pectin is more easily digested than natural citrus pectin, individuals with allergies or sensitivities to citrus may experience diarrhea or stomach discomfort when taking either type of citrus pectin.[4][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Pectins, Section 184.1588". US Food and Drug Administration, Code of Federal Regulations Title 21, Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS. 7 November 1983. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  2. ^ Lara-Espinoza, Claudia; Carvajal-Millán, Elizabeth; Balandrán-Quintana, René; López-Franco, Yolanda; Rascón-Chu, Agustín (2018-04-18). "Pectin and Pectin-Based Composite Materials: Beyond Food Texture". Molecules. 23 (4): 942. doi:10.3390/molecules23040942. ISSN 1420-3049. PMC 6017442. PMID 29670040.
  3. ^ Eliaz, Isaac; Raz, Avraham (2019-11-01). "Pleiotropic Effects of Modified Citrus Pectin". Nutrients. 11 (11): 2619. doi:10.3390/nu11112619. ISSN 2072-6643. PMC 6893732. PMID 31683865.
  4. ^ "Pectin". Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Modified citrus pectin | Complementary and Alternative therapy | Cancer Research UK". Retrieved 2021-08-07.