|Category||Tectosilicate, quartz group|
|Crystal class||Prismatic (2/m)
(same H-M symbol)
|Mohs scale hardness||6|
|Refractive index||nα = 1.524 nγ = 1.531|
Moganite is an oxide mineral with the chemical formula SiO2 (silicon dioxide) that was discovered in 1984. It crystallises in the monoclinic crystal system. Moganite is considered a polymorph of quartz: it has the same chemical composition as quartz, but a different crystal structure.
In 1994, the International Mineralogical Association (IMA) had disapproved it as being a separate mineral because it was not clearly distinguishable from quartz. It has only recently (2007) been approved as a valid minerial by the CNMNC, the Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (part of the IMA).
This mineral has been mainly found in dry locales such as Gran Canaria and Lake Magadi. It has been reported from a variety of locations in Europe, India and the United States. It was named for the municipality of Mogán on Gran Canaria. Physically, it has a hardness of about 6, a dull luster and appears as a transparent gray in color.
- Ralph, Jolyon, and Ida Ralph. "Moganite: Moganite Mineral Information and Data." MinDat. 2007. Aug. 2007 <http://www.mindat.org/min-2739.html>.
- http://webmineral.com/data/Moganite.shtml Webmineral data
- Origlieri, Marcus. "Moganite: a New Mineral -- Not!" Lithosphere (1994). Aug. 2007 <http://geopress.rbnet.net/moganite.htm>.
- Nickel, Ernest H., and Monte C. Nichols. "IMA/CNMNC List of Mineral Names." Materials Data. June 2007. Aug. 2007 http://www.geo.vu.nl/users/ima-cnmmn/MINERALlist.pdf Archived May 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Heaney, Peter J., and Jeffrey E. Post. "The Widespread Distribution of a Novel Silica Polymorph in Microcrystalline Quartz Varieties." Science ns 255 (1992): 441-443. JSTOR. Aug. 2007. Keyword: moganite.
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