|Etymology||Meaning "deep and silent" or "large flow" in the Tswana language.|
|Source confluence||Confluence of the Sand River with the Grootspruit River|
|⁃ location||Near Alma|
|⁃ elevation||1,202 m (3,944 ft)|
|Limpopo River, South Africa/Botswana border|
|799 m (2,621 ft)|
|Basin size||8,387 km2 (3,238 sq mi)|
|Major rivers and streams within the Limpopo River Basin|
The Mokolo River is a major watercourse in Limpopo Province of South Africa. This river collects much of the drainage of the Waterberg Massif and discharges it to the Limpopo River. The river's catchment area comprises 8,387 square kilometres (3,238 sq mi).
The Mokolo River and its upper course tributaries rise in the southwestern part of the Waterberg, between 1200 and 1600 metres above mean sea level. The Mokolo proper originates about 1.5 km north of Alma at the confluence of the Sand River with the Grootspruit River in a flattish, open area with numerous koppies. Shortly thereafter it flows northwards through a steep gorge emerging above the town of Vaalwater.
Then the river flows through the relatively flat area of the lowveld until it enters the Mokolo Dam. From there, it flows through another gorge before entering the Limpopo Plain, near the junction with the Rietspruit. From this point, the Mokolo River flows through flat sandy areas until it reaches the Limpopo's right bank.
Tributaries and dams
The most important tributaries of the Mokolo are: Sand River (whose uppermost section is named 'Little Nyl'), Klein Sand River, Sandspruit, Sondagsloop, Loubadspruit, Grootspruit, Sterkstroom, Brakspruit, Malmanies, Bulspruit, Rietspruit, Sandloop, Poer se Loop and the Tambotie River.
Approximately 87 percent of the river's water use is for agriculture. Some wetlands rehabilitation in the upper Mokolo has been carried out and that effort has been deemed a success. The Mokolo Dam Nature Reserve is located by the eastern and southern sides of the Mokolo Dam reservoir.
- Transvaal Indigenous Place Names Archived 2008-10-31 at the Wayback Machine
- Mokolo River Data
- Limpopo WMA 1
- C.Michael Hogan, Mark L. Cooke and Helen Murray, The Waterberg Biosphere, Lumina Technologies, May 22, 2006. Archived April 29, 2012, at WebCite
- State of Rivers Report: the Mokolo River
- Wetlands restoration projects of the Limpopo Basin and other South African watersheds
- Mokolo Dam Nature Reserve, Limpopo