Location of Monasavu Dam in Fiji
|Construction began||May 1978|
|Construction cost||US$234 million|
|Owner(s)||Fiji Electricity Authority|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Embankment, rock-fill|
|Height||60 m (200 ft)|
|Length||200 m (660 ft)|
|Total capacity||133,000,000 m3 (108,000 acre⋅ft)|
|Wailoa Hydro Power Station|
|Hydraulic head||625 m (2,051 ft)|
|Turbines||4 x 20 MW (27,000 hp) Pelton-type|
|Installed capacity||80 MW (110,000 hp)|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
|Location||Viti Levu, Fiji|
|Area||7.06 km2 (2.73 sq mi)|
The Monasavu Dam is a rock-fill embankment dam on the Nanuku River about 60 kilometres (37 mi) northwest of Suva in Naitasiri Province, Fiji. It is located just above the Monasavu Falls and is both the tallest and largest dam, which also withholds the largest reservoir in the country. The primary purpose of the dam is to produce hydroelectric power and it supports an 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) power station. To offset fossil fuel imports for power production on the island, the Monasavu-Wailoa Hydroelectric Project was authorized by the Fiji Electricity Authority in 1977 and construction began in May 1978. The dam was complete and power station commissioned in 1983. About US$15 million of the project's total US$234 million cost was supplied by the World Bank, the rest by the host government and loans.
The dam, protection of its catchment and rainforest contribute to its national significance as outlined in Fiji's Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan.
Wailoa Hydro Power Station
Water from the dam is diverted through nearly 5.4 kilometres (3.4 mi) of tunnels to the Wailoa Hydro Power Station to the east on the Wailoa River. The power station contains four 20 megawatts (27,000 hp) Pelton turbine-generators and the drop in elevation between the reservoir and power station affords a hydraulic head (water drop) of about 625 metres (2,051 ft). In 1992, the power station was supplying 92% of Viti Levu's, the main Fiji island, power. This share dropped to 49% in 2006 due to growing power demand.
- "Monasavu Catchment | Protected Planet". www.protectedplanet.net. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "Hydro". Fiji Electricity Authority. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Fiji seeks design to expand 80-MW Wailoa". 29 September 2006. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Ganilau, Bernadette Rounds (2007). Fiji Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (PDF). Convention on Biological Diversity. pp. 107–112. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "Monasavu-Wailoa Hydroelectric Project" (PDF). World Bank. 22 May 1978. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Singh, Anirudh (21 February 2008). "Why FEA stands out among its peers". The Fiji Times. Retrieved 17 April 2014.