Mor Julius Yeshu Cicek

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Mor Julius Yeshu Cicek at a conference.

Mor Julius Yeshu Cicek (born Julius Yeshu Çiçek; January 1, 1942 in Kafro `Elayto, Tur Abdin, Turkey – died October 29, 2005 in Düsseldorf, Germany) was the first Syriac Orthodox Church archbishop from Central Europe. In his book Mardutho d Suryoye, he advocated an Aramean identity[clarification needed]. He wrote over one hundred works, some of them in Aramaic.[1]


Julius Yeshu Çiçek was the son of the Syrian Orthodox priest Barsaumo (1908 - 1993) and his wife Bath Qyomo Sayde († 1991). At age nine, he went to the seminary of Deyr-ul-Za'faran, where he studied Syriac, Turkish, Arabic and theology. After 1958 he was ordained as a deacon and secretary of the later metropolitan Mor Philoxenos Hanna Dolabani. Later, he entered the monastery of Mor Cyriacus in the region Bsheriye (Bitlis) and became involved in the search of surviving Syriac and Armenian Christians after the 1915 genocide.

In 1960, he became a novice in the monastery of Mor Gabriel and taught there at the theological seminary. Yeshu Çiçek was elected abbot elected and in 1969 by Mor Iwannis Ephrem Bilgic he was ordained as Bishop of Tur Abdin. After living in Damascus at the Seminary of Mor Ephrem at Atshane in Lebanon and the Holy Land he came to Germany. After a layover in 1975 - 1977 in the United States, on the advice of the local Metropolitan Mor Athanasius Samuel Yeshu he returned to Europe, after Hengelo. 1977 elected him the Holy Synod on the patriarchal vicar for the Diocese of Central and Eastern Europe. He built a hall for a new Syriac Orthodox church of St. John the Evangelist, by the later Patriarch Mor Ignatius Jacob III.

On 24 June 1979 Dayroyo Yeshu Çiçek in Hengelo as Archbishop of the Syrian Orthodox Diocese of Central Europe by Patriarch Jacob III. Consecrated with the name Mor Julius. In 1984, Mor Julius bought the former Catholic monastery of St. Ephrem in Losser, Netherlands, and certain it to the seat of the Archbishop. The church had three large monasteries near Enschede in the Netherlands, in Arth in Switzerland and in Warburg in Germany. In founded by Çiçek monasteries he built schools, trained clerics in the tradition of their church.

Mor Julius published significant scientific contributions to the Church in Bar Hebraeus-Verlag, which published more than 100 books related to the Syrian Orthodox liturgy, Bible, history, etc. in Syriac and in European languages.

Mor Julius participated in ecumenical dialogues with the Catholic Church in the Pro Oriente and accompanied Patriarch Ignatius Zakka I Iwas, during his historic visit to Rome in 1984, where a Joint Declaration with Pope John Paul II. Was signed.

Bishop Çiçek was on November 5, 2005 to his diocesan headquarters in St. Monastery Ephrem the Syrian buried in Losser-Glane [nl], Netherlands.


  1. ^ "BIOGRAPHY: Mor Julius Yeshu`Çiçek;The first Archbishop of Central Europe & Benelux countries (1942-2005)". Malankara Syriac Christian Resources. Archived from the original on February 28, 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2011.

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