A moral imperative is a principle originating inside a person's mind that compels that person to act. It is a kind of categorical imperative, as defined by Immanuel Kant. Kant took the imperative to be a dictate of pure reason, in its practical aspect. Not following the moral law was seen to be self-defeating and thus contrary to reason. Later thinkers took the imperative to originate in conscience, as the divine voice speaking through the human spirit. The dictates of conscience are simply right and often resist further justification. Looked at another way, the experience of conscience is the basic experience of encountering the right.
An example of not following a moral imperative is making a promise that you do not intend to keep in order to get something.
Global Economic Moral imperative
Toby Ord Explores a moral imperative in relation to economics and global health. A hypothetical example he gives is that a group has $40,000 dollars to spend on blindness. The money could be spent to provide one U.S. person with a seeing eye dog and training or could be used to reverse the effects of 2,000 cases of trachoma in Africa through surgery. The cost-effective answer would be to help more people.
Toby also provides some real world examples. Some real world example provide data on the cost to prevent or treat AIDS. Analyzing the cost-effectiveness of these methods of treatment and prevention is a moral imperative because the most effective use of funds can save more lives.
Gary Locke and Angel Gurria stated cases for economic moral imperatives related to corruption and anti-bribery laws. Water provides 40 percent of the worlds food requirement and in developing countries there can be a 30 percent premium on water. Thomas Pogge argues that this corruption is strongly encouraged by the existing international rules as the rulers of theses countries have much to gain from these larger countries and corporations. The UN declares that water is a basic human Right There is a 30 percent corruption premium for water use, this is shown by the cost of water in developed countries compared to developing countries. Since water is a basic human right, it is a global moral imperative to provide it without the added cost of corruption in a cost effective manner.
- "Kant's Moral Philosophy". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
- Ord, Toby. "The moral imperative towards cost-effectiveness" (PDF). www.givingwhatwecan.org. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- Gary Locke; Angel Gurría. "A Global Economic and Moral Imperative". www.huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- Pogge, Thomas. "Poverty and Human Rights" (PDF). www2.ohchr.org. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- "The human right to water and sanitation". United Nations.
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