Moreton Pinkney

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Moreton Pinkney
Moreton Pinkney - geograph.org.uk - 429951.jpg
Lodge and gateway to the manor house
Moreton Pinkney is located in Northamptonshire
Moreton Pinkney
Moreton Pinkney
Moreton Pinkney shown within Northamptonshire
Population 371 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SP5749
Civil parish
  • Moreton Pinkney
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Daventry
Postcode district NN11
Dialling code 01295
Police Northamptonshire
Fire Northamptonshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
Website Moreton Pinkney
List of places
UK
England
Northamptonshire
52°08′17″N 1°09′47″W / 52.138°N 1.163°W / 52.138; -1.163Coordinates: 52°08′17″N 1°09′47″W / 52.138°N 1.163°W / 52.138; -1.163

Moreton Pinkney is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, about 7.5 miles (12 km) north of Brackley. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 371.[1]

Manor[edit]

In the reign of Edward the Confessor one Leuric held the manor of Moreton "freely",[2] i.e. without a feudal overlord. He was dispossessed after the Norman Conquest of England and the Domesday Book of 1086 records that one Geoffrey held the manor of Gilo, brother of Ansculf de Picquigny.[2] "Pinkney" is a corruption of "Picquigny", a village in Picardy.[3] In the 12th century Henry de Pinkeny (sic) held the manor.[4] In both surveys the manor was assessed at one and a half hides.[2][4]

Parish church[edit]

The earliest evidence of Christianity in the parish is a fragment of an Anglo-Saxon stone cross in the churchyard of the Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin.[5] The church itself was built in the 12th century,[6] which is the date of its Norman north door and three-bay northern arcade.[5] The piscina and west tower date from about 1300.[5] St Mary's is a Grade II* listed building.[6]

The Augustinian Canons Ashby Priory had appropriated "the spirituality" of St Mary's by 1254.[7] John Dalderby, Bishop of Lincoln, sanctioned this retrospectively in 1309.[7]

The chancel was rebuilt in 1846 in a Gothic Revival of a 13th-century style.[5]

St Mary's has a ring of six bells. Hugh II Watts, who had foundries in Bedford and Leicester,[8] cast the tenor bell in 1629.[9] The Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the other five bells in 1996.[9]

St Mary's parish is a member of the Benefice of Culworth with Sulgrave and Thorpe Mandeville and Chipping Warden with Edgcote and Moreton Pinkney.[10]

Social and economic history[edit]

Moreton Pinkney village is a mixture of traditional houses in grey stone and brown ironstone.[5]

The parish school was built in 1822 and enlarged in 1876.[5] Moreton Pinkney Manor was built in 1859 and altered in 1870.[5] The entrance arch designed by the architect E.F. Law of Northampton, built in 1859 and bears the arms of Lord Sempill.[5]

England's Rose pub (formerly The Red Lion) after it closed down

Public Houses[edit]

Moreton Pinkney once had three public houses: The Red Lion and The Dun Cow on Upper Green, and The Crown Inn on Brook Street.[citation needed]

The Red Lion was more recently named England's Rose, a reference to Diana, Princess of Wales, which suddenly closed in 2004 due to serious structural failure.[11] After being closed and remaining derelict for 12 years, the historic Grade II listed public house dating back to 1604 was fully and sympathetically restored as a pub and restaurant which was subsequently renamed The Four Candles by public vote.[1]

The Four Candles which is set within a protected conservation area is now the only pub left in the village and re-opened to the public on 26th May 2016.[12]

Railways[edit]

The parish had two railway stations. The East and West Junction Railway (later the Stratford-upon-Avon and Midland Junction Railway) was built through the parish with Morton Pinkney railway station being opened in 1873 14-mile (0.4 km) north of the village on the parish boundary with Canons Ashby.

The Great Central Main Line from Nottingham Victoria to London Marylebone was built through the parish in the 1890s and opened in 1899. Its nearest station was Culworth, which was actually in Moreton Pinkney parish about 34-mile (1.2 km) southwest of the village on the road to Culworth. In 1900 the Great Central Railway added a branch line from Culworth Junction in the parish to Banbury in Oxfordshire.

British Railways closed Morton Pinkney station in 1952 and Culworth station in 1958. The 1963 The Reshaping of British Railways report recommended that BR close the Great Central main line, which it did in 1966.

References[edit]

Course of the former Great Central Main Line through the parish, opened in 1899 and closed in 1966
  1. ^ "Area: Moreton Pinkney (Parish); Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Adkins & Serjeantson 1902, p. 344.
  3. ^ Adkins & Serjeantson 1902, p. 291.
  4. ^ a b Adkins & Serjeantson 1902, p. 372.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 307.
  6. ^ a b "Church of St Mary". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 4 February 1969. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Serjeantson & Adkins 1906, pp. 130–133
  8. ^ Dovemaster (31 October 2012). "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Dawson, George (31 July 2007). "Moreton Pinkney S Mary V". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  10. ^ Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Culworth with Sulgrave and Thorpe Mandeville and Chipping Warden with Edgcote and Moreton Pinkney". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  11. ^ "Our History - The Four Candles Pub - Moreton Pinkney". The Four Candles Pub - Moreton Pinkney. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 
  12. ^ "Moreton Pinkney History". The Four Candles - Moreton Pinkney. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]