|Part of Fortifications of Copenhagen|
Entrance for the Casemate
|Controlled by||Royal Danish Army (1945–1970)|
|Built by||Sjællandske Engineer Regiment |
|In use||22 July 1916—1970|
|Fate||Abandoned in 1970, turned into museum|
Mosede Fort, located in Mosede, Denmark is a coastal fort build, part of Tunestillingen, in the years before and during the First World War, to protect the Bay of Køge from possible German naval invasions. It is now a protected area with a museum, grassy fields for recreation and a restaurant.
Mosede Fort was as part of Tunestillingen, a 22 km (14 mi) long line of fortifications around outer-Copenhagen, leading military historian A. N. Hvidt to calling it the "Danevirke of Sjælland". Construction began in 1913, but was first battle-ready in July 1916. The battery was originally dubbed "Mosede Battery" but was popularly called Mosede Fort. It was fully manned until 1922, and was thereafter only used for drills.
World War 2
The Fort was re-manned in 1939, but it was captured by the Germans in 1940, who used it as an observations post and prison camp. When Denmark was liberated, the government continued to use the fort as a detention camp until 1947. It was then handed over to Hjemmeværnet, who used it for shooting practice and drills until 1970, when it got overrun and "liberated" by the local population. It has since then been a park open for public.
Mosede Fort Today
Mosede Fort is now being preserved by Greve Kommune, it is very popular as a recreational area for ballgames, picnics and other past time activities. It also has a restaurant. In 2010 Greve Kommune along with Greve Museum, began to restore and insulate the old fort so it could be dehumidified sufficiently, in order to store historical objects safely. It was planned to open Denmark's first "Denmark during World War 1" museum with the inauguration on 1 August 2014 - 100 anniversary of Germany's declaration of war on Russia. On 30 September 2012, during the celebration of Copenhagen's fortification, a 120mm Howitzer was presented by Greve Museum as the trademark for Mosede Fort. The museum opened 6 August 2014, with HRH Prince Joachim of Denmark attending.
The fort was equipped with the most modern artillery, a generator, a water-supply, central-heating, telephone, kitchen and bomb-shelters capable of keeping 150 men. The Fort was armed with:
- 6 120mm L/15, rapid firing Howitzer (M.1914). Aimed towards the sea
- 4 75mm L/30 (M.1914). For coastal, land and air defense
- 4 37mm Maxim gun. For land defense
- 31 recoil rifles. For land defense
- A number of searchlights, including 2 90mm
- The Fort has 3 smaller bunkers, situated on the beach, together with a medium bunker placed south
- 4 bomb shelters, one of which are buried
- 7 major gun positions
- 4 minor gun positions
- Look-out station
- A Casemate with officers room, barracks, telephone central, ammunition rooms and ammo elevators leading to the large gun-emplacements
- Becker-Larsen 1986, p. 29.
- Mosede Fort (17 November 2014). "History of the fort". Danmark 1914-18. Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Becker-Larsen 1986, p. 133.
- Becker-Larsen 1986, p. 35.
- Mosede Fort (12 December 2016). "Mosede Fort". Danmark 1914-18 (in Danish). Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Mosede Fort (26 October 2015). "The Fort's History". Danmark 1914-18 (in Danish). Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Mosede Fort (23 December 2015). "Exhibition". Danmark 1914-18 (in Danish). Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "Mosede Fort - BEFÆSTNINGSDAG Program" (in Danish). mosedefort.dk. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
- Mosede Fort (17 November 2014). "Grand opening". Danmark 1914-18. Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Becker-Larsen, Klavs (1986). Tunestillingen (in Danish). Slagslunde: Roskilde Museums Forlag. ISBN 87-88563-014.