Mosede Fort

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Mosede Fort
Mosede Batteri
Part of Fortifications of Copenhagen
Karlslunde
Mosede Fort Entrance.jpg
Entrance for the Casemate
Type Coastal fortification
Site information
Owner Greve Municipality
Controlled by

Royal Danish Army (1916–1932)
Nazi Germany Wehrmacht (1940–1945)

Royal Danish Army (1945–1970)
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Well preserved
Website Official website
Site history
Built 1913 (1913)—16
Built by Sjællandske Engineer Regiment [1]
In use 22 July 1916—1970 (1970)[2]
Materials Earthworks, Concrete
Fate Abandoned in 1970, turned into museum

Mosede Fort, located in Mosede, Denmark is a coastal fort build, part of Tunestillingen, in the years before and during the First World War, to protect the Bay of Køge from possible German naval invasions.[3] It is now a protected area with a museum, grassy fields for recreation and a restaurant.

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

Mosede Fort was as part of Tunestillingen, a 22 km (14 mi) long line of fortifications around outer-Copenhagen, leading military historian A. N. Hvidt to calling it the "Danevirke of Sjælland".[4] Construction began in 1913, but was first battle-ready in July 1916.[5] The battery was originally dubbed "Mosede Battery" but was popularly called Mosede Fort. It was fully manned until 1922, and was thereafter only used for drills.[6]

World War 2[edit]

The Fort was re-manned in 1939, but it was captured by the Germans in 1940, who used it as an observations post and prison camp.[6] When Denmark was liberated, the government continued to use the fort as a detention camp until 1947.[2] It was then handed over to Hjemmeværnet, who used it for shooting practice and drills until 1970, when it got overrun and "liberated" by the local population. It has since then been a park open for public.[6]

Mosede Fort Today[edit]

Mosede Fort is now being preserved by Greve Kommune, it is very popular as a recreational area for ballgames, picnics and other past time activities. It also has a restaurant. In 2010 Greve Kommune along with Greve Museum, began to restore and insulate the old fort so it could be dehumidified sufficiently, in order to store historical objects safely.[6] It was planned to open Denmark's first "Denmark during World War 1" museum with the inauguration on 1 August 2014 - 100 anniversary of Germany's declaration of war on Russia.[7] On 30 September 2012, during the celebration of Copenhagen's fortification, a 120mm Howitzer was presented by Greve Museum as the trademark for Mosede Fort.[8] The museum opened 6 August 2014, with HRH Prince Joachim of Denmark attending.[9]

A 120mm canon used for coastal defense, now the trademark for the fort.

Equipment[edit]

The fort was equipped with the most modern artillery, a generator, a water-supply, central-heating, telephone, kitchen and bomb-shelters capable of keeping 150 men. The Fort was armed with:[3]

  • 6 120mm L/15, rapid firing Howitzer (M.1914). Aimed towards the sea
  • 4 75mm L/30 (M.1914). For coastal, land and air defense
  • 4 37mm Maxim gun. For land defense
  • 31 recoil rifles. For land defense
  • A number of searchlights, including 2 90mm

Buildings[edit]

  • The Fort has 3 smaller bunkers, situated on the beach, together with a medium bunker placed south
  • 4 bomb shelters, one of which are buried
  • 7 major gun positions
  • 4 minor gun positions
  • Look-out station
  • A Casemate with officers room, barracks, telephone central, ammunition rooms and ammo elevators leading to the large gun-emplacements

References[edit]

  1. ^ Becker-Larsen 1986, p. 29.
  2. ^ a b Mosede Fort (17 November 2014). "History of the fort". Danmark 1914-18. Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Becker-Larsen 1986, p. 133.
  4. ^ Becker-Larsen 1986, p. 35.
  5. ^ Mosede Fort (12 December 2016). "Mosede Fort". Danmark 1914-18 (in Danish). Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d Mosede Fort (26 October 2015). "The Fort's History". Danmark 1914-18 (in Danish). Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  7. ^ Mosede Fort (23 December 2015). "Exhibition". Danmark 1914-18 (in Danish). Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "Mosede Fort - BEFÆSTNINGSDAG Program" (in Danish). mosedefort.dk. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  9. ^ Mosede Fort (17 November 2014). "Grand opening". Danmark 1914-18. Greve Kommune. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Becker-Larsen, Klavs (1986). Tunestillingen (in Danish). Slagslunde: Roskilde Museums Forlag. ISBN 87-88563-014. 

Coordinates: 55°33′50″N 12°16′29″E / 55.56389°N 12.27472°E / 55.56389; 12.27472