Muhammad Mahdi Kubba
|Muhammad Mahdi Kubba
محمد مهدي كبة
|President of the Iraqi Independence Party|
Samarra, Baghdad Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
|Political party||Iraqi Independence Party|
Kubba was the President of the Iraqi Independence Party.
In the wake of the 14 July Revolution, the new Iraqi Republic was headed by a Revolutionary Council. At its head was a three-man sovereignty council, composed of members of Iraq’s three main communal/ethnic groups. Kubba was appointed to represent the Shi’a population; Khalid al-Naqshabandi the Kurds; and Najib al Rubay’i the Sunni population. This tripartite was to assume the role of the Presidency. A cabinet was created, composed of a broad spectrum of Iraqi political movements: this included two National Democratic Party representatives, one member of al-Istiqlal, one Ba’ath representative and one Marxist.
Following the failed 1959 Mosul uprising by Arab nationalists, Iraqi Prime Minister Abd al-Karim Qasim grew increasingly dependent on the Iraqi Communist Party, whose distrust of Arab nationalists seemed vindicated to Qasim by the revolt. Qasim allowed the Communist Party to purge the government of pan-Arabists. Kubba, despite his membership of the Sovereignty Council, was put under house arrest. As a result, the last time Kubba attended a meeting of the Sovereignty Council was in February 1959, although no resignation was ever made public.
Kubba was later publish his memoirs, Memoirs in the Course of the Events, in 1965.
- Laith W Kubba (3 August 2006). "Obituary: Fakhri Kubba". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Elliot, Matthew (1996). Independent Iraq: British Influence from 1941-1958. I.B.Tauris. p. 181.
- Marr, Phebe; “The Modern History of Iraq”, page 158
- T. Abdullah, A short history of Iraq: 636 to the present, Pearson Education, Harlow, UK,(2003)
- Ismael, Tareq Youssief; Ismael, Jacqueline Sidonia (1991). Politics and Government in the Middle East and North Africa. University Press of Florida. p. 161.
- Oron, Yitzhak. Middle East Record Volume 2, 1961. The Moshe Dayan Center. p. 260.
- Memoirs in the Course of the Events - Muhammad Mahdi Kubbah
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