Baghdad Vilayet

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ولايت بغداد
Vilâyet-i Bagdad
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire
Baghdad Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (1900).png
The Baghdad Vilayet in 1900
• 1885[1]
141,160 km2 (54,500 sq mi)
• 1885[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Baghdad Eyalet
Mandatory Iraq
Today part of Iraq

The Vilayet of Baghdad (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت بغداد‎, romanized: 'Vilâyet-i Bagdad, Modern Turkish: Bağdat Vilâyeti, Arabic: ولاية بغداد‎) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire in modern-day central Iraq. The capital was Baghdad.

At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 54,503 square miles (141,160 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 850,000.[1] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[1]


Governor Al-Shakir Effendi's family in Baghdad, 1901

In 1869 Midhat Pasha was inaugurated as governor of Baghdad. He extended Ottoman jurisdiction as far as the town of al-Bida, after he had established his authority in Nejd. In January 1872, Qatar was designated as a kaza under the Sanjak of Nejd. However, relations with the Ottoman authorities became hostile in both al-Bida and Nejd, which eventually led to the Battle of Al Wajbah, where the Ottomans were defeated.[2]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sanjaks or Districts of the vilayet:[3]

Sanjak of Bagdad, four zones
Sanjak Currently
Baghdad Sanjak Baghdad
Divaniye Sanjak Al Diwaniyah
Kerbela Sanjak Karbala, Mesed-i-Hüseyin
Najd Sanjak June 1871 - 1875, then part of the Basra Vilayet) [4]


Notable governors of the Vilayet:[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Asia by A. H. Keane, page 460
  2. ^ H Rahman (2012-11-12). The Emergence Of Qatar. Routledge. pp. 93–96. ISBN 978-1-136-75369-5. Retrieved 2013-05-22.
  3. ^ Bagdad Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  4. ^ Worldstatesmen — Saudi Arabia
  5. ^ World Statesmen — Iraq

External links[edit]