In February 1806, following Napoleon's remarkable victory in the Battle of Austerlitz in December 1805 and the ensuing dismemberment of the Habsburg Empire, the Ottoman Emperor Selim III refused to ratify the Russian and British alliances, and instead recognized Napoleon as Emperor, formally opting for an alliance with France "our sincere and natural ally", and war with Russia and England.
Muhib Efendi was sent to Paris as ambassador (1806–1811), thus succeeding to Halet Efendi in this role. The presence of Muhib Efendi in Paris coincided with that of the Persian ambassador Askar Khan Afshar, who was in Paris from July 1808 to April 1810.
- Inari Karsh, Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789-1923 Harvard University Press, 2001 ISBN 0-674-00541-4
|This article about a Turkish politician is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|