Mullus

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Mullus
Mullus barbatus - Gervais.jpg
Mullus barbatus
Red mullet
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Mullidae
Genus: Mullus
Linnaeus, 1758 [1]
Type species
Mullus barbatus
Linnaeus, 1758

Mullus is a subtropical marine genus of perciform fish of the family Mullidae (goatfish) and includes the red mullets, occurring mainly in the southwest Atlantic near the South American coast and in the Eastern Atlantic including the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.[2] These fish are bottom dwelling over sands and muds.

Mullus surmuletus

Species[edit]

There are currently four recognized species in this genus:[3]

Species[4] Common name[4] Environment & range[5] IUCN status[6]
Mullus argentinae C. L. Hubbs & Marini, 1933 Argentine goatfish Southwestern Atlantic Ocean; Marine; subtropical; demersal NE*
Mullus auratus D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1882 Red goatfish Western Atlantic Ocean; Marine; subtropical; demersal NE
Mullus barbatusT Linnaeus, 1758 Red mullet Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea & Black Sea; Marine; subtropical; demersal NE
Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758 Surmullet Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea & Black Sea; Marine; subtropical; demersal NE

*) NE - not evaluated
T) Type species

References[edit]

  1. ^ Linnaeus, C., 1758: Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. v. 1: i-ii + 1-824.
  2. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., eds. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 186. ISBN 0-12-547665-5. 
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Mullus in FishBase. December 2013 version.
  4. ^ a b Fish Identification at FishBase. Family Mullidae
  5. ^ Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986: A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p.
  6. ^ The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species