Multiple micronutrient powder

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Multiple micronutrient powder
Combination of
IronDietary mineral
ZincDietary mineral
Vitamin AVitamin

Multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) is a combination of at least iron, zinc, and vitamin A.[1] It is used to prevent malnutrition in children and during health emergencies.[2][3][4] The target age group is generally those 6 month to 5 years of age.[3] It is used by combining with food once a day for one or more months.[3][4]

While no side effects have been documented, abdominal discomfort may potentially occur.[3] Some versions of the product contain additional micronutrients such as vitamin C and folic acid.[2]

In 2019, it was added to the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines.[1] As of 2015, more than 24 million course of treatment were distributed via UNICEF.[2]

Medical use[edit]

Multiple micronutrient powder is used to prevent malnutrition in children and during health emergencies.[2][3][4] Its use has been found to decrease the risk of anemia.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b World Health Organization (2019). World Health Organization model list of essential medicines: 21st list 2019. Geneva: World Health Organization. hdl:10665/325771. WHO/MVP/EMP/IAU/2019.06. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
  2. ^ a b c d "Multiple Micronutrient Powder Supply & Market Outlook" (PDF). UNICEF. 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Multiple Micronutrient Powder (MNP) 15 component" (PDF). UNICEF. 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. World Health Organization. 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2019.