Music Association of Ireland
The Music Association of Ireland (MAI) was set up in 1948 to improve the position of classical music within the cultural life of Ireland. It was instrumental in setting up the National Youth Orchestra of Ireland and played a leading role in the long-running campaign to establish Ireland's National Concert Hall. In 2007, the association changed its name to Friends of Classical Music.
- to further musical education
- to improve conditions for composers and musicians
- to help establish a national concert hall
- to lobby on matters of music policy
- to encourage musical groups throughout the country
- to organise concerts and lectures.
A governing council of thirteen individuals was set up to oversee the running of the association. Among its members were composers, Brian Boydell, Aloys Fleischman, and Frederick May. A small management committee was also appointed comprising Olive Smith, honorary treasurer, and Michael McMullin, honorary secretary.
Six months after its formation the MAI had gained only eighty three members. Nevertheless, it immediately began to lobby government for greater financial support for live performances, particularly those given by the Radio Éireann Symphony Orchestra
In 1950 the MAI undertook its greatest challenge to date when it organised a festival of concerts and lectures to commemorate the bicentenary of the death of Johann Sebastian Bach. For several months, members raised funds and tried to source Baroque instruments, such as a harpsichord, not readily available in Ireland. The festival took place between September and November 1950 in various Dublin venues and featured local and international performers. For instance, English bass, Owen Brannigan, sang in the B Minor Mass, and the principal and second trumpeters of the London Symphony Orchestra were engaged to play the D trumpets in the same work. While individual aspects of performance were criticised, the initiative was generally welcomed.
When the MAI celebrated its twentieth anniversary in 1968, membership had risen to 600 and founder-member Brian Boydell expressed satisfaction with the progress made by the association in the fulfilment of its objectives. Under the enthusiastic leadership of Olive Smith, who chaired the association's management committee until 1978, the MAI undertook a variety of initiatives to promote classical music in Ireland.
In October 1967, the MAI set up a body named Ógra Ceoil ("Musical Youth") to encourage participation in music by young people. Members could avail of reduced rates for tickets to concerts and recitals and within a few months 800 young people aged between fourteen and twenty five had joined the new body. In January 1972, Ógra Ceoil launched the Irish Youth Orchestra at its inaugural concert in Trinity College, Dublin. The National Youth Orchestra of Ireland, as it is now known, continues to perform regularly in Ireland and abroad.
National Concert Hall
The MAI began its campaign for a national concert hall in 1951. In 1960, music critic Charles Acton put the weight of his prominent position at The Irish Times behind the effort. At that point, a brand new building was being mooted, to be located opposite Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin. In 1964, the government announced that a new national concert hall would be built in Dublin as a memorial to the late American president, John F. Kennedy. When, by 1973, no progress had been made, the association collected 10,000 signatures in support of a new concert hall and submitted a petition to the Department of Finance. Finally, in September 1981, the association's efforts were crowned with success when the country's new National Concert Hall opened in Earlsfort Terrace in Dublin.
Among the notable artists who performed in Ireland under the auspices of the MAI were:
- Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears (1960)
- Victoria de los Ángeles (1969)
- Yvonne Loriod (1976)
In addition to one-off concerts, the association also organised a number of annual music festivals, including the Dublin Festival of 20th Century Music, the Festival in Great Irish Houses, and the Dublin Organ Festival. However, by the late 1980s, the association was no longer able to support these events when funding from the Arts Council ceased.
Counterpoint and Soundpost
Starting in the late-1960s, the MAI issued a periodical for members entitled Counterpoint. It covered topics relevant to the Irish classical music scene and included a comprehensive diary of forthcoming concerts and other musical events throughout the country. In April 1981, the association replaced Counterpoint with a new bi-monthly magazine named Soundpost. Unlike its predecessor, Soundpost was available to the general public via an annual subscription. In addition to its coverage of classical music, the magazine also included features on folk music and jazz. In 1985, the MAI ceased publication of Soundpost due to lack of funds.
Starting in 1985, the MAI came under increased scrutiny by the Arts Council, whose funding enabled the association to carry out many of its activities. In 1987, the Arts Council cut its subvention to the MAI substantially, citing a lack of confidence in the way the association managed its affairs. Within a few years the MAI, in the words of music critic, Ian Fox, had 'drifted to the sideline'. Although the association continued to organise concerts and lectures into the early years of the third millennium, its overall impact on Irish musical life has been considerably diminished. In 2007, the association changed its name to Friends of Classical Music.
- The Irish Times, "New Group To Promote Music", 21 May 1948
- Irish Independent, "New music association", 25 May 1948
- Sunday Independent, "Those symphony concerts", 7 November 1948
- The Irish Times, "Backers for Bach wanted", 27 May 1950
- The Irish Times, "An Irishman's Diary", 29 June 1950
- The Irish Times, "Bach bi-centenary commemoration", 27 September 1950
- Irish Press, "Concert in memory of J. S. Bach", 23 October 1950
- The Irish Times, "Growing awareness among the young", 7 March 1968
- The Irish Times, "Appreciation: Dr. Olive Smith", 15 October 1993
- The Irish Times, p. 11
- The Irish Times, "Irish Youth Orchestra makes debut", 4 January 1972
- National Youth Orchestra of Ireland web site
- The Irish Times, "Committee To Discuss Concert Hall For Dublin", 27 January 1951
- The Irish Times, "A national concert hall, 14 January 1960
- The Irish Times, "Music Association praises concert hall decision", 15 February 1964
- The Irish Times, "National concert hall appeal", 19 October 1973
- Irish Independent, "The Concert Hall", 19 August 1981
- The Irish Times, "Benjamin Britten to give Dublin recital", 22 April 1960
- The Irish Times, p. 4
- The Irish Times, "Festival of 20th-Century Music", 3 January 1976
- The Irish Times, "Music Highs and Lows of 1986", 1 January 1987
- The Irish Times, ""Forgotten world", 17 April 1969
- The Irish Times, "Two roles of Rock", 21 April 1981
- The Irish Times, "End of magazine", 25 January 1985
- The Irish Times, "Door slammed on the MAI", 19 December 1986
- Ian Fox, "An Isle Full of Noise? Recent Developments and Current Status of Music in Ireland", Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 81, No. 321 (Spring, 1992), pp. 34–40
- The Irish Times, 7 November 2002, p. B25
- The Irish Times, "Neglect of classical music", 12 October 2007