Musica Elettronica Viva
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Musica Elettronica Viva (MEV) is a live acoustic/electronic improvisational group formed in Rome, Italy, in 1966. It is "something of an irregular institution, a band that has come together intermittently through the years" (Perkis 1994). Its founding members have been reported variously as Allan Bryant, Alvin Curran, Jon Phetteplace, and Frederic Rzewski (Rzewski and Verken 1969), Rzewski, Curran and Richard Teitelbaum (Perkis 1994), Curran, Phetteplace, Bryant, and Carol Plantamura (Brody 2014, 271), and Rzewski, Teitelbaum, Plantamura, Bryant, Phetteplace, Ivan Vandor, and Steve Lacy (Bernstein and Hatch 2001, 177). Garrett List and George Lewis subsequently joined the group (Perkis 1994).
They were early experimenters with the use of synthesizers to transform sounds: a 1967 concert in Berlin included a performance of John Cage's Solo for Voice 2 with Plantamura's voice transformed through a Moog synthesizer. At the end of the 1960s, they took part in the group Lo Zoo, founded by artist Michelangelo Pistoletto. They also used such "non-musical" objects as amplified panes of glass and olive oil cans, and their performances achieved notoriety in Italy for their ability to generate riots. The final MEV tour was in 2017 (Chinen 2020).
- Spacecraft, recorded in Cologne in 1967 by Bryant, Curran, Rzewski, Teitelbaum and Vandor
- Unified Patchwork Theory, recorded in Zurich in 1990 by Curran, Rzewski, Teitelbaum, Steve Lacy, and Garrett List
Both of the above first issued in 2001 on the CD, "Spacecraft/Unified Patchwork Theory" (Alga Marghen, Plana-M 15NMN.038).
- Friday, recorded in London in 1969 by Curran, Rzewski, Teitelbaum, Franco Cataldi and Gunther Carius, reissued 2008 (ALGA 073CD)
- The Sound Pool, recorded 1969, reissued 1998 (Spalax CD14969)
- MEV 40, recorded 1967-2007, a 4-CD set of previously unpublished performances issued by New World Records in 2008 (CD80675)
- Apogee, a double CD (Matchless Recordings, MRCD61, 2005) shared with another of the electronic improvisational ensembles that emerged during the 1960s: AMM. The first CD is a studio recording in a joint session in England on April 30, 2004 featuring MEV's Curran, Teitelbaum and Rzewski with the three members of AMM. This is the first occasion that the two ensembles have performed together, but not the first time they have shared a split release - each outfit filled a side of the LP Live Electronic Music Improvised, released on a US label (Mainstream) in 1968. The second CD consists of the performances that each group gave at a festival held in London on May 1, 2004.
- Bernstein, David W., and Christopher Hatch (eds.). 2001. Writings through John Cage's Music, Poetry, and Art. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-04408-4.
- Brody, Martin (ed.). 2014. Music and Musical Composition at the American Academy in Rome. Eastman Studies in Music 121. Rochester: University of Rochester Press. ISBN 9781580462457.
- Chinen, Nate. 2020. "Richard Teitelbaum, Experimentalist with an Earth-Spanning Ear, Dead at 80". NPR Music, npr.org (April 9) (accessed June 16, 2020).
- Perkis, Tim. 1994. "Musica Elettronica Viva: Frederic Rzewski (Piano), Alvin Curran (Piano and Sampler), Richard Teitelbaum (Electronic Keyboards), George Lewis (Trombone and Live Electronics): Mills College, Oakland, California USA, 12 February 1994". Computer Music Journal 18, no. 3 (Autumn): 66.
- Rzewski, Frederic, and Monique Verken. 1969. "Musica Elettronica Viva". The Drama Review 14, No. 1 (Autumn): 92–97.
- Liner Notes, MEV 40
- Heißenbüttel, Dietrich. 2013. "Türen ins Offene: Das Labyrinth im musikalischen Denken von Schönberg, Berio und Rzewski". Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 174, no. 5 ("Labyrinth"): 26–29.