He was elevated to the rank of Cossack colonel in 1616, and he was active in Petro Konashevych's wars against Muscovy. He personally participated in the Battle of Khotyn in 1621. Just after Doroshenko was elected hetman of the registered Cossacks, he signed the controversial Treaty of Kurukove with the Polish crown in 1625. This led him to conflicts with the Zaporozhian Cossacks who had opposed the treaty. Doroshenko oversaw the establishment of six registered regiments.
He died on 31 May 1628, in a battle while his armies approached Bakhchysarai, the capital of the Crimean Khanate, in support to anti-Ottoman rebels Mehmed III Giray and Shahin Giray besieged by Ottoman ally Khan Temir (predecessor of the famous ducal family of Cantemirs) in their capital. Khan Temir was a ruler of the Budjak Horde from Bilhorod.
In 2013, with the support of the museum “myzei Hetmanstva” the "Hetman Petro Doroshenko fund” was created. The Fund carries out research activity about the Hetmans of Ukraine: Myhailo and Petro Doroshenko, shares the information about them, researches genealogy of Doroshenko.
- Przylęcki S. Ukrainne sprawy. – Lwów, 1842.
- Subtelny, Orest (2000). Ukraine: A History. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-8390-0.
- Selyaninova, T. History of Cantemir family. geliopolis.ru. January 25, 2005.
- Alexander Mikaberidze Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia. "ABC-CLIO". 2011. ISBN 9781598843378
- Doroshenko, Mykhailo at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine
- Official site of the museum Getmanstva (Ukrainian)
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